The Role of Distribution in the American Economy

Front Cover
Beard Books, 2003 - Business & Economics - 240 pages
Focuses on the changing role of distribution in the nation's economy during the period 1869 to 1950.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Selected pages

Contents

The Changing Channels of Distribution
65
The Flow through the System 18691929
66
Rise and Decline of the Wholesaler
69
The Flow through the System 19291948
77
Accuracy of the Results
78
The Understatement of Trends
79
Trends in Margins
80
Wholesale Margins
83

How Fast Did Output Expand?
20
Output of Finished Goods
24
Finished Goods Sold through Retail Stores
25
Reweighting by Distribution Cost
26
Summary
27
Services Rendered by Distribution
28
Services Furnished and Functions Performed
29
Service at Point of Sale
31
Free Home Trial of Merchandise
32
Return Privileges
33
Delivery
35
Adjustments
36
Productivity and Its Measurement
37
Productivity and Employment
41
Reliability of Productivity Measures
42
Growth of Productivity and the Cost of Distribution
44
Interpretation of Results
49
Summary
52
The History of Distribution Cost
53
Measures of the Cost of Distribution
55
CommodityOutput Method
56
Consumable Commodities
58
VolumeofSales Method
60
Has Distribution Cost Increased?
61
Distribution Cost and National Product
63
Sources of Data
85
Other Published Information
86
Unpublished Records
87
Summary
90
Measures of Spread by Kind of Outlet
91
The Dispersion of Costs
93
Trends in Distributive Spread
95
Summary
97
APPENDIXES
99
EMPLOYMENT EARNINGS AND LABOR INCOME IN DISTRIBUTION AND COMMODITY PRODUCTION
101
Employment in Commodity Production
105
Sales Employees Not in Distribution
106
Hourly Earnings in Distribution and Commodity Production
108
PROCEDURES USED IN ESTIMATING VALUE ADDED BY DISTRIBUTION
112
Estimates for 1869 to 1929
114
Who Sold What
116
Allocation to Wholesaling versus Direct Purchases
118
Double Wholesaling
120
Estimates of Retail Sales
122
Discrepancy between Estimates for 1929
123
Some Further Considerations
125
SOURCES OF MARGIN DATA
152
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PERIODICALS IN RETAIL AND WHOLESALE TRADE TO 1919
198
Index
217
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information