The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (AD 226-363): A Documentary History, Volume 1

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Michael H. Dodgeon, Samuel N. C. Lieu
Psychology Press, 1994 - History - 429 pages
The crisis of the third century saw Rome not only embroiled in contests of succeeding short-lived Emperors, but assailed by an increasing variety of hostile peoples from outside its frontiers. Owing to the complex racial interplay of this period, the sources for its history have to be compiled from a wide variety of sources. The least adequate are those in Latin, the imperial lives of the Historia Augusta . These have to be supplemented by the Greek chronicles of Zosimus and John Malalas of Antioch, as well as the Armenian history of Moses of Chorene, the Arabic History of the Arabs of Al-Tabari , as well as inscriptions in Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Syrian and other languages. This volume collects these diverse sources for the first time in English translation, and will be a uniquely valuable resource for scholars working on a period of Roman history that is attracting increasing attention.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
c AD 226352
9
The Persian expedition of Gordian III the first
34
The Second and Third Campaigns of Shapur I
49
The Rise and Fall of Palmyra
68
Shapur and Constantine
143
The early wars
164
The later wars of Constantius II
211
Select passages from sources in Arabic
275
Select passages from Armenian historians
300
Select documents from DuraEuropos
328
Eastern victories in imperial titulature
336
Notes
349
Glossary of Roman military terms
401
Index of translated passages
421
General index 43
430

The Persian Expedition of Julian
231

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