The Roman Wars in Spain: The Military Confrontation with Guerrilla Warfare
Pen and Sword, 30/04/2015 - 192 páginas
It took the Romans almost exactly 200 years to conquer the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal). The skilful and tenacious resistance of the various inhabitants, utilizing superior mobility in the rugged terrain to wage a guerrilla war, made the region the graveyard of many a Roman army. But the lessons, though painful, were eventually learnt and the heat of this soÐcalled 'fiery war' forged the legions into a more effective force. ?Daniel Varga analyses the strategies and tactics of both sides, drawing on the traditional literary sources but also the latest archaeological research. He examines the problems faced by the Roman army and the extent to which it was forced to adapt to meet, and eventually overcome, these challenges. His findings show the Spanish armies as more sophisticated than often thought. The author concludes that the Spanish campaigns exerted a powerful influence on the organization, tactics and equipment of the Roman army, helping to make it the supreme fighting machine it became.
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Appianus archaeological findings army in Hispania attack Augustus battlefield Cantabrian Carthage Carthaginian Cato Celtiberians and Lusitanians cohort commanders conquer conquest of Hispania conscription consul defeated Dio Cassius Diodorus discovered Ebro Emporion enemy equipment especially fighting methods fought Galba Gaul gladius governor of Hispania Gracchus Greek guerrilla warfare Hannibal Hasdrubal Hellenistic Hispania Citerior Hispanic Hispanic wars horsemen Iberian Peninsula Ilergetes imperium important infantry soldiers leaders legion legionnaire Livius Lucullus Marius Mediterranean Metellus military campaign military service mountain Numantia operated period Phoenician pilum Polybius Pompeius possible praetors probably provinces recruit revolt Roman army Roman army camps Roman conquest Roman control Roman forces Roman Republic Roman Senate Rome Rome’s Saguntum Scipio Aemilianus Scipio brothers second century Second Punic Senate in Rome sent Sertorius served Servilianus siege Spain Strabo supply surrender sword tactics territories third century treaties tribes Ulterior victory Viriathus wars in Hispania weapons