The Root Causes of Biodiversity Loss

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Alexander Wood, Pamela Stedman-Edwards, Johanna Mang
Earthscan, 2000 - Nature - 399 pages
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The world is losing species and biodiversity at an unprecedented rate. The causes go deep and the losses are driven by a complex array of social, economic, political and biological factors at different levels. Immediate causes such as over-harvesting, pollution and habitat change have been well studied, but the socioeconomic factors driving people to degrade their environment are less well understood. This book examines the underlying causes. It provides analyses of a range of case studies from Brazil, Cameroon, China, Danube River Basin, India, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, Tanzania and Vietnam, and integrates them into a new and interdisciplinary framework for understanding what is happening. From these results, the editors are able to derive policy conclusions and recommendations for operational and institutional approaches to address the root causes and reverse the current trends. It makes a contribution to the understanding of all those - from ecologists and conservationists to economists and policy makers - working on one of the major challenges we face.
 

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Contents

An Emerging Consensus on Biodiversity Loss
1
A Framework for Analysing Biodiversity Loss
11
Ten Case Studies an Overview
36
Main Findings and Conclusions of the Root Causes Project
58
Recommendations on Addressing the Root Causes of Biodiversity Loss
80
Brazil Cerrado
95
Cameroon Bushmeat and Wildlife Trade
126
China SouthWestern Forests
153
Mexico Calakmul Biosphere Reserve
231
Pakistan Mangroves
255
Philippines Cebu Negros and Palawan
282
Tanzania Rufiji Ruvu and Wami Mangroves
309
Vietnam North and Central Highlands
337
Notes
371
References
378
Index
390

Danube River Basin Wetlands and Floodplains
183
India Chilika Lake
213

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About the author (2000)

Alexander Wood, Pamela Stedman-Edwards and Johanna Mang are Senior Programme Officer, Principle Consultant and Program Manager of WWF's Macroeconomics Program Office, Washington DC.

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