The Root Causes of the United Nations’ Failure in Somalia: The Role of Neighboring Countries in the Somali Crisis

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iUniverse, Oct 26, 2011 - Political Science - 148 pages
When the Somali crisis broke out in the 1990s and the Somali central government collapsed, the United Nations made several attempts to mediate the conflicting parties. The crisis reached its highest climax, leading to the successful US-led Operation Restore Hope. Unfortunately, when the leadership of the operation was transferred to the United Nations, the UN-led intervention failed miserably leading to further unrest and destabilization. The Root Causes of the United Nations Failure in Somalia, examines the events of the Somali crisis and dissects the reasons behind the failure. Author Mahmood focuses on three crucial factors that led to this turn of events often overlooked by many other scholarly studies. One, the UN representatives lacked the knowledge and understanding of the Somali clan system and peacemaking leadership in the Somali society. Two, neighboring countries, especially Ethiopia and Kenya, fueled and manipulated Somalis internal animosities. Three, international aid agencies had multiple layers of interests in the region and some of them had veiled interests in the continuation of the Somali crisis. Mahmood definitively shows that the United Nations had numerous golden opportunities to stabilize Somalia and reestablish governmental structures, yet still failed. The Root Causes of the United Nations Failure in Somalia provides a much-needed contribution to the scholarship of this critical subject.
 

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much of what led to failure of UN mission in Somalia has been swept in the carpet

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somali was fowd by garre celan

Contents

CHAPTER ONE
1
CHAPTER TWO
15
CHAPTER THREE
25
from 41992 to 111992
28
from 121992 to 031993
35
CHAPTER FOUR
50
CHAPTER FIVE
65
CHAPTER SIX
74
BIBLIOGRAPHY
83
Appendix I
99
Appendix II
111
Appendix III
113
Appendix IV
117
Appendix V
119
GLOSSARY
121
Copyright

The Map of Somalias Missing Territories
82

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About the author (2011)

Othman O. Mahmood currently lives in Toronto, Canada, with his wife and children. He has a Master's Degree in Political Science (International Relations) from the University of Alberta; a B. A. Degree in Political Science from Concordia University in Montreal; and a B. A. Degree in European Languages (English Literature) from King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah. Mr. Mahmood is a multi-lingual and has impressive work experience in various governmental and private institutions in Canada, Saudi Arabia and Somalia.

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