The SPSS Guide to the New Statistical Analysis of Data: By T.W. Anderson and Jeremy D. Finn

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Springer Science & Business Media, 1997 - Business & Economics - 203 pages
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This book is a self-teaching guide to the SPSS for Windows computer package. 'It is designed to be used hand-in-hand with The New Statistical Analysis of Data by T. W. Anderson and Jeremy D. Finn, although it may be used as a stand-alone manual as well. This guide is very easy to follow since all procedures are outlined in a straightforward, step-by-step format. Because of its self-instructional nature, the beginning student can learn to analyze statistical data with SPSS without outside assistance. The reader is "walked through" numerous examples that illustrate how to use the SPSS package. The results produced by SPSS are shown and discussed in each application. The data sets used in the examples are primarily those in the Anderson-Finn textbook. To the extent that SPSS performs the procedures in the Anderson-Finn text, this manual follows the book chapter-by-chapter. Except for Chapter 1, the section titles in the manual correspond to sections in the textbook. Each chapter demonstrates the statistical procedures described in the textbook and gives exercises that can be performed for further practice. (An instructor may choose to use these as additional class assignments. ) This manual was created using SPSS for Windows, Version 6. 1, on an IBM-compatible personal computer. There are other versions available, including: Version 7. 0 for Windows 95, Version 6. 1 for Macintosh, and Version 6. 1 for Power Macintosh.
 

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Contents

THE NATURE OF SPSS
3
12 Managing Data and Files
7
13 Transforming Variables and Data Files
15
14 Examining and Printing Output
23
15 Missing Values
24
Chapter Exercises
25
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
27
ORGANIZATION OF DATA
29
STATISTICAL INFERENCE
105
USING A SAMPLE TO ESTIMATE CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE POPULATION
107
102 Estimation of Variance and Standard Deviation
109
104 Estimation of a Proportion
112
106 Paired Measurements
113
Chapter Exercises
114
SPSS Syntax for Using a Sample to Estimate Characteristics of One Population
115
ANSWERING QUESTIONS ABOUT POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS
117

23 Organization of Numerical Data
33
Chapter Exercises
39
SPSS Syntax for Organization of Data
40
MEASURES OF LOCATION
41
32 The Median and Other Percentiles
43
33 The Mean
44
Chapter Exercises
48
SPSS Syntax for Measures of Location
50
MEASURES OF VARIABILITY
51
42 The Mean Deviation
52
43 The Standard Deviation
53
45 Some Uses of Location and Dispersion Measures Together
54
Chapter Exercises
56
SPSS Syntax for Measures of Variability
58
SUMMARIZING MULTIVARIATE DATA ASSOCIATION BETWEEN NUMERICAL VARIABLES
59
52 More than Two Variables
67
Chapter Exercises
68
SPSS Syntax for Summarizing Multivariate Data Association Between Numerical Variables
71
SUMMARIZING MULTIVARIATE DATA ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CATEGORICAL VARIABLES
73
62 Larger TwoWay Frequency Tables
77
63 Three Categorical Variables
79
64 Effects of a Third Variable
83
Chapter Exercises
86
SPSS Syntax for Summarizing Multivariate Data Association Between Categorical Variables
88
PROBABILITY
89
BASIC IDEAS OF PROBABILITY
91
78 Random Sampling Random Numbers
93
SPSS Syntax for Basic Ideas of Probability
94
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
95
Chapter Exercises
97
SPSS Syntax for Probability Distributions
98
SAMPLING DISTRIBUTIONS
99
92 Sampling Distribution of a Sum and of a Mean
100
95 The Normal Distribution of Sample Means
101
Chapter Exercises
103
113 Testing Hypotheses About a Mean when the Standard Deviation is Unknown
119
Another Way to Report Tests of Significance
121
115 Testing Hypotheses About a Proportion
122
The Sign Test
124
117 Paired Measurements
126
Chapter Exercises
129
SPSS Syntax for Answering Questions About Population Characteristics
131
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TWO POPULATIONS
133
122 Comparison of Two Independent Sample Means when the Population Standard Deviations are Unknown but Treated as Equal
134
123 Comparison of Two Independent Sample Means when the Population Standard Deviations are Unknown and not Treated as Equal
137
125 The Sign Test for a Difference in Locations
139
Chapter Exercises
141
SPSS Syntax for Differences Between Two Populations
143
VARIABILITY IN ONE POPULATION AND IN TWO POPULATIONS
145
132 Variability in Two Populations
146
Chapter Exercises
148
SPSS Syntax for Variability in One Population and in Two Populations
149
STATISTICAL METHODS FOR OTHER PROBLEMS
151
INFERENCE ON CATEGORICAL DATA
153
142 ChiSquare Tests of Independence
156
143 Measures of Association
158
Chapter Exercises
162
SPSS Syntax for Inference on Categorical Data
165
SIMPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS
167
152 SPSS for Simple Regression Analysis
169
Inverse Association of x and y
175
Chapter Exercises
180
SPSS Syntax for Simple Regression Analysis
181
COMPARISONS OF SEVERAL POPULATIONS
183
162 Which Groups Differ from Which and by How Much?
188
163 Analysis of Variance of Ranks
190
Chapter Exercises
192
SPSS Syntax for Comparisons of Several Populations
194
DATA FILES
195
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