## The SPSS Guide to the New Statistical Analysis of Data: By T.W. Anderson and Jeremy D. FinnThis book is a self-teaching guide to the SPSS for Windows computer package. 'It is designed to be used hand-in-hand with The New Statistical Analysis of Data by T. W. Anderson and Jeremy D. Finn, although it may be used as a stand-alone manual as well. This guide is very easy to follow since all procedures are outlined in a straightforward, step-by-step format. Because of its self-instructional nature, the beginning student can learn to analyze statistical data with SPSS without outside assistance. The reader is "walked through" numerous examples that illustrate how to use the SPSS package. The results produced by SPSS are shown and discussed in each application. The data sets used in the examples are primarily those in the Anderson-Finn textbook. To the extent that SPSS performs the procedures in the Anderson-Finn text, this manual follows the book chapter-by-chapter. Except for Chapter 1, the section titles in the manual correspond to sections in the textbook. Each chapter demonstrates the statistical procedures described in the textbook and gives exercises that can be performed for further practice. (An instructor may choose to use these as additional class assignments. ) This manual was created using SPSS for Windows, Version 6. 1, on an IBM-compatible personal computer. There are other versions available, including: Version 7. 0 for Windows 95, Version 6. 1 for Macintosh, and Version 6. 1 for Power Macintosh. |

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### Contents

THE NATURE OF SPSS | 3 |

12 Managing Data and Files | 7 |

13 Transforming Variables and Data Files | 15 |

14 Examining and Printing Output | 23 |

15 Missing Values | 24 |

Chapter Exercises | 25 |

DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS | 27 |

ORGANIZATION OF DATA | 29 |

STATISTICAL INFERENCE | 105 |

USING A SAMPLE TO ESTIMATE CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE POPULATION | 107 |

102 Estimation of Variance and Standard Deviation | 109 |

104 Estimation of a Proportion | 112 |

106 Paired Measurements | 113 |

Chapter Exercises | 114 |

SPSS Syntax for Using a Sample to Estimate Characteristics of One Population | 115 |

ANSWERING QUESTIONS ABOUT POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS | 117 |

23 Organization of Numerical Data | 33 |

Chapter Exercises | 39 |

SPSS Syntax for Organization of Data | 40 |

MEASURES OF LOCATION | 41 |

32 The Median and Other Percentiles | 43 |

33 The Mean | 44 |

Chapter Exercises | 48 |

SPSS Syntax for Measures of Location | 50 |

MEASURES OF VARIABILITY | 51 |

42 The Mean Deviation | 52 |

43 The Standard Deviation | 53 |

45 Some Uses of Location and Dispersion Measures Together | 54 |

Chapter Exercises | 56 |

SPSS Syntax for Measures of Variability | 58 |

SUMMARIZING MULTIVARIATE DATA ASSOCIATION BETWEEN NUMERICAL VARIABLES | 59 |

52 More than Two Variables | 67 |

Chapter Exercises | 68 |

SPSS Syntax for Summarizing Multivariate Data Association Between Numerical Variables | 71 |

SUMMARIZING MULTIVARIATE DATA ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CATEGORICAL VARIABLES | 73 |

62 Larger TwoWay Frequency Tables | 77 |

63 Three Categorical Variables | 79 |

64 Effects of a Third Variable | 83 |

Chapter Exercises | 86 |

SPSS Syntax for Summarizing Multivariate Data Association Between Categorical Variables | 88 |

PROBABILITY | 89 |

BASIC IDEAS OF PROBABILITY | 91 |

78 Random Sampling Random Numbers | 93 |

SPSS Syntax for Basic Ideas of Probability | 94 |

PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS | 95 |

Chapter Exercises | 97 |

SPSS Syntax for Probability Distributions | 98 |

SAMPLING DISTRIBUTIONS | 99 |

92 Sampling Distribution of a Sum and of a Mean | 100 |

95 The Normal Distribution of Sample Means | 101 |

Chapter Exercises | 103 |

113 Testing Hypotheses About a Mean when the Standard Deviation is Unknown | 119 |

Another Way to Report Tests of Significance | 121 |

115 Testing Hypotheses About a Proportion | 122 |

The Sign Test | 124 |

117 Paired Measurements | 126 |

Chapter Exercises | 129 |

SPSS Syntax for Answering Questions About Population Characteristics | 131 |

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TWO POPULATIONS | 133 |

122 Comparison of Two Independent Sample Means when the Population Standard Deviations are Unknown but Treated as Equal | 134 |

123 Comparison of Two Independent Sample Means when the Population Standard Deviations are Unknown and not Treated as Equal | 137 |

125 The Sign Test for a Difference in Locations | 139 |

Chapter Exercises | 141 |

SPSS Syntax for Differences Between Two Populations | 143 |

VARIABILITY IN ONE POPULATION AND IN TWO POPULATIONS | 145 |

132 Variability in Two Populations | 146 |

Chapter Exercises | 148 |

SPSS Syntax for Variability in One Population and in Two Populations | 149 |

STATISTICAL METHODS FOR OTHER PROBLEMS | 151 |

INFERENCE ON CATEGORICAL DATA | 153 |

142 ChiSquare Tests of Independence | 156 |

143 Measures of Association | 158 |

Chapter Exercises | 162 |

SPSS Syntax for Inference on Categorical Data | 165 |

SIMPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS | 167 |

152 SPSS for Simple Regression Analysis | 169 |

Inverse Association of x and y | 175 |

Chapter Exercises | 180 |

SPSS Syntax for Simple Regression Analysis | 181 |

COMPARISONS OF SEVERAL POPULATIONS | 183 |

162 Which Groups Differ from Which and by How Much? | 188 |

163 Analysis of Variance of Ranks | 190 |

Chapter Exercises | 192 |

SPSS Syntax for Comparisons of Several Populations | 194 |

DATA FILES | 195 |

### Other editions - View all

The SPSS Guide to the New Statistical Analysis of Data Susan B Gerber,Kristin E Voelkl No preview available - 1998 |

### Common terms and phrases

Analysis of Variance ANOVA ASCII association box by clicking box see Figure calculate Categorical Variables cell Chapter Exercises chi-square test Click on Continue Click on OK Click on Statistics Click on Summarize column confidence interval correlation coefficient Crosstabs Crosstabulation data set default delinquency Descriptives procedure displayed equal example fl.O following command Format sav Variable Frequencies procedure frequency distribution frequency table histogram Independent Sample median menu bar missing values null hypothesis Numeric Expression box obtain OK to run open the data option Output Window percentage phi coefficient population density population standard deviation proportion pull-down menu random sample range Recode regression analysis restaurants right arrow button run the procedure sample mean sav Variable Name scatter plot scores Section Select shown in Figure SPSS data files SPSS for Windows SPSS Syntax standard error Statistics dialog box test statistic test the hypothesis textbook Total Variable box Variable Column(s Variable dialog box weight