The Sedimentary Record of Sea-Level Change

Front Cover
This unique textbook describes how past changes in sea-level can be detected through an analysis of the sedimentary record. In particular, it concentrates on the current sequence stratigraphy model. It explains this model from basics and shows how the model can be applied to both siliciclastic and carbonate successions. Designed for undergraduate and graduate courses in sequence stratigraphy, as well as for professional courses within the petroleum industry, this full-colour textbook includes numerous features that will aid tutors and students alike. These include detailed case studies demonstrating the practical applications of sequence stratigraphy and set-aside boxes providing supplementary and background information. Bulleted questions and answers are interspersed throughout the text, encouraging students to test their understanding of the material. The book is supported by a website hosting sample pages from the book, selected illustrations to download, and worked exercises.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
9
11 Interpreting time from the sedimentary record
11
12 Processes
15
13 Repetition in the sedimentary record
16
14 Summary and conclusion
17
Division of the stratigraphical record and geological time
18
21 Stratigraphical techniques
20
22 Timing is everything
30
72 Summary geological history and regional tectonic setting
138
73 Summary of the Book Cliffs stratigraphy
140
74 Review of the sedimentology of the Book Cliffs
142
75 Summary
157
The parasequences of the Book Cliffs succession
158
82 Parasequences in a riverdominated coastal depositional system
165
83 Parasequences in the nonmarine environment
167
84 Model for the formation of parasequences within the Book Cliffs succession
173

23 The geological timescale
32
25 References
33
Sealevel change
34
32 Measurement of sealevel change
38
33 Why does sealevel change?
43
34 What do we mean by sealevel? Definitions of eustasy relative sealevel and water depth
44
35 An example of sealevel change from the Carboniferous sedimentary record
46
36 Conclusion
54
38 References
55
SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY AND SEALEVEL CHANGE
57
41 Sediment accommodation space
58
42 Filling basins with sediments and the development of parasequences
61
43 Sequences and systems tracts
68
44 The Carboniferous example revisited
88
45 Lithostratigraphy versus chronostratigraphy seismic stratigraphy and the geometry of sequence stratigraphical surfaces
90
46 Global sealevel change and eustatic sealevel charts
94
47 Summary
95
48 References
98
Processes controlling relative sealevel change and sediment supply
99
51 Climatic processes
101
52 Tectonic processes
103
53 Sediment compaction and its control on relative sealevel
106
54 How do we unravel these controls?
107
55 Multiple order sealevel fluctuations
108
56 The Carboniferous example revisited again
114
57 Summary
116
58 References
117
Case study Quaternary of the Gulf of Mexico
118
61 Geological setting
119
63 Seismic reflection data
125
64 Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of the Viosca Knoll borehole
127
65 Conclusions and summary
133
SILICICLASTICS CASE STUDY THE BOOK CLIFFS
135
85 Parasequence stacking patterns
177
86 Summary
178
Sequences and systems tracts in the Book Cliffs
179
91 Sequence boundaries
181
92 Falling stage and lowstand systems tracts
183
93 Transgressive systems tracts
189
94 Maximum flooding surfaces
196
97 References
197
Sequence stratigraphical evolution of the Book Cliffs succession
198
101 Sequence hierarchy
200
102 Controls on sequence development
202
103 Milankovich processes and palaeoclimate
206
104 Summary
207
105 References
208
CARBONATES
209
112 Carbonate platforms
214
113 Modern carbonate depositional environments
219
114 Summary
231
115 Further reading
233
Sequence stratigraphy of carbonate depositional systems
234
122 Sequence stratigraphy of rimmed carbonate platforms
241
123 Sequence stratigraphy of carbonate ramps
245
124 Numerical stratigraphical modelling
249
125 Summary
254
126 References
255
Application of sequence stratigraphical analysis to ancient carbonate platforms
257
an Upper Jurassic ramp from NE Spain
265
133 Summary
273
134 References
274
Figure references for this book
275
Index
279
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