The Seismicity of Egypt, Arabia and the Red Sea: A Historical Review
A careful and intensive study of historical sources and a review of the instrumental data of this century have led to this detailed catalogue of earthquakes. Egypt, Arabia, the Red Sea region and the surrounding areas of Libya, Sudan and Ethiopia are studied from the earliest times to the present day. Each earthquake is described as fully as possible from the available data, and is analysed in a geographical and historical context. The completeness of the earthquake catalogue over time is analysed and the range of sources and problems associated with the scrutiny of historical sources is discussed. The information is then placed in a geophysical framework.
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Aden affected aftershocks al-‘Umari Al-Makin al-Maqrizi al-Suyuti Alexandria Ambraseys and Melville April Arabia Arabic August Ben-Menahem Cairo Catalogue of earthquakes century chronicles collapsed conﬁrmed damage Date Time Epicentre Dead Sea December destroyed earth earthquake earthquake in Egypt earthquake occurred earthquake was felt epicentre eruption Ethiopia F EG felt in Cairo Figure ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂood Fustat Gouin Gulf of Aden Gulf of Suez Hejaz Hellenic Arc Helwan historical houses Ibn al-Athir Ibn al-Daiba Ibn Iyas identiﬁed Iran Jumada Libya Lower Egypt macroseismic data magnitude Massawa Mecca Mediterranean mentioned minaret mosque Muslim Nile northern Red Sea November October Perrey Poirier and Taher quake Rabi recorded Red Sea reference region San‘a seismicity shock occurred shock was felt Sieberg sources stations strong earthquake strongly felt Sudan Syria tremors volcanic Yahya Yemen Zabid