The Selection of Behavior: The Operant Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner: Comments and Consequences

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CUP Archive, Jun 24, 1988 - Psychology - 563 pages
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This book was first published in 1988. B. F. Skinner was arguably the most important and influential psychologist of the last century. Yet in his long and distinguished career he consistently declined to be engaged by his critics. In his ninth decade, he elected to confront them all: cognitivists, ethologists, brain scientists, biologists, linguists, and philosophers - close to one hundred and fifty scientists and scholars from the entire spectrum of behavior-related disciplines around the world. Skinner's views on consciousness, language, problem solving, evolution, biology, brain function, computers, theory and explanation, presented in six seminal papers, are analyzed, criticized and explained in the 'open peer commentary' format of the Behavioral and Brain Sciences journal. The result is a remarkably lucid and revealing historical record of Skinnerian thinking and its impact on psychology and its allied disciplines. General readers, students, professionals and historians will find this unique intellectual exchange an invaluable resource.
 

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Contents

The operant behaviorism of B F Skinner
3
Selection by consequences
11
On the status of causal modes Robert C Bolles
23
Skinner selection and selfcontrol Bo Dahlbom
29
The Darwin of ontogeny? John W Donahoe
36
Fitting culture into a Skinner box C R Hallpike
42
On the stabilization of behavioral selection Werner K Honig
48
Linear and circular causal sequences H C Plotkin and F J OdlingSmee
54
Can we analyze Skinners problemsolving behavior in operant terms?
239
Psychology as moral rhetoric Rom Harr
245
Contingencies rules and the problem of novel behavior Pere Julia
253
Is there such a thing as a problem situation? Kiell Raaheim
259
New wine in old glasses? Joseph M Scandura
265
Answers to questions you probably dont
272
Behaviorism at fifty
278
The fruitful metaphor but a metaphor nonetheless Marc Belth
295

Perspectives by consequences Duane M Rumbaugh
60
Selection misconstrued Stephen C Stearns
67
Giving up the ghost William Vaughan Jr
73
Methods and theories in the experimental analysis of behavior
77
Some overt behavior is neither elicited nor emitted Wayne Hershberger
107
The role of the statistician in psychology F H C Marriott
114
Skinners philosophy of method R J Nelson
121
What then should we do? Seth Roberts
128
Current questions for the science of behavior Kenneth M Sayre
134
Behavior theories and the inner Ernest Sosa
141
Behavioral and statistical theorists and their disciples Leroy Wolins
147
The operational analysis of psychological terms
150
Waiting for the world to make me talk and tell me what I meant
168
Wishful thinking Daniel C Dennett
174
Operationism smuggled connotations and the nothingelse clause Peter Harzem
181
Social traits selfobservations and other hypothetical constructs
187
On Skinners radical operationalism J Moore
194
Mental yes private no Howard Rachlin
200
B F Skinners theorizing Douglas Stalker and Paul Ziff
206
On the operational definition of a toothache Colin Wright
213
An operant analysis of problem solving
218
Undifferentiated and motebeam percepts in WatsonianSkinnerian
302
A causal role for conscious seeing Robert M Gordon
309
B F Skinners confused philosophy of science Laurence Hitterdale
316
Artificially intelligent mental models Michael Lebowitz
323
Philosophy and the future of behaviorism M Jackson Mark
331
The phylogeny and ontogeny of behavior
382
Ontogenetic or phylogenetic another afterpain of the fallacious
404
Costbenefit models and the evolution of behavior Jerram L Brown
413
Consequence contingencies and provenance partitions Juan D Delius
419
B F Skinner versus Dr Pangloss Michael T Ghiseun
426
The structure versus the provenance of behavior Jerry A Hogan
433
B F Skinner and the flaws of sociobiology Anthony J Perzigian
441
Is evolution of behavior operant conditioning writ large? Anatol Rapoport
448
What are the scope and limits of radical behaviorist theory?
465
Problems of selection and phylogeny terms and methods
474
Biographical sketch and bibliography of works
489
Acknowledgments and notes
496
Name index
527
Subject index
535
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Page 494 - Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select — doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant chief, and yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors.

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