The Selection of Behavior: The Operant Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner: Comments and Consequences

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CUP Archive, Jun 24, 1988 - Psychology - 563 pages
This book was first published in 1988. B. F. Skinner was arguably the most important and influential psychologist of the last century. Yet in his long and distinguished career he consistently declined to be engaged by his critics. In his ninth decade, he elected to confront them all: cognitivists, ethologists, brain scientists, biologists, linguists, and philosophers - close to one hundred and fifty scientists and scholars from the entire spectrum of behavior-related disciplines around the world. Skinner's views on consciousness, language, problem solving, evolution, biology, brain function, computers, theory and explanation, presented in six seminal papers, are analyzed, criticized and explained in the 'open peer commentary' format of the Behavioral and Brain Sciences journal. The result is a remarkably lucid and revealing historical record of Skinnerian thinking and its impact on psychology and its allied disciplines. General readers, students, professionals and historians will find this unique intellectual exchange an invaluable resource.
 

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Contents

The operant behaviorism of B F Skinner
3
Skinners responses follow immediately after each commentary
11
A case study of intellectual isolation GEORGE W BARLOW
20
Behaviorism and natural selection C B G CAMPBELL
27
Replicators consequences and displacement activities RICHARD DAWKINS
33
The wider context of selection by consequences THOMAS J GAMBLE
39
Canonical papers of B F Skinner
40
Group and individual effects in selection MARVIN HARRIS
46
Contingencies rules and the problem of novel behavior PERE JULIÀ
253
Is there such a thing as a problem situation? KJELL RAAHEIM
259
New wine in old glasses? JOSEPH M SCANDURA
265
Negation in Skinners system N E WETHERICK
275
Behaviorism at fifty
278
Postscript
292
Treading the primrose path of dalliance in psychologyB A FARRELL
299
Consciousness explanation and the verbal community GORDON G GALLUP
305

A onesided view of evolution J MAYNARD SMITH
52
Perspectives by consequences DUANE M RUMBAUGH
60
Selection misconstrued STEPHEN C STEARNS
67
Real people ordinary language and natural measurement SAMUEL M DIETZ
105
The challenge to Skinners theory of behavior BRIAN MACKENZIE
111
Problems of selection and phylogeny terms and methods
8
Selection by consequences
11
Giving up the ghost WILLIAM VAUGHAN
73
Methods and theories in the experimental analysis of behavior
77
The role of the statistician in psychologyF H C MARRIOTT
114
Skinners philosophy of method R J NELSON
121
What then should we do? SETH ROBERTS
128
Current questions for the science of behavior KENNETH M SAYRE
134
Behavior theories and the inner ERNEST SOSA
141
Behavioral and statistical theorists and their disciples LEROY WOLINS
147
The operational analysis of psychological terms
150
Stimulusresponse meaning theory JONATHAN BENNETT
164
Wishful thinking DANIEL C DENNETT
174
Operationism smuggled connotations and the nothingelse clause PETER HARZEM
181
Social traits selfobservations and other hypothetical constructs
187
On Skinners radical operationalism J MOORE
200
B F Skinners theorizing DOUGLAS STALKER AND PAUL ZIFF
206
On the operational definition of a toothache COLIN WRIGHT 23
213
An operant analysis of problem solving
218
Can we analyze Skinners problemsolving behavior in operant terms?
239
Psychology as moral rhetoric Rom HARRÉ
245
Leibnizian privacy and Skinnerian privacy KEITH GUNDERSON
311
J B Watsons imagery and other mentalistic problems FRANCIS W IRWIN
319
Skinner and the mindbody problem WILLIAM G LYCAN
325
Behaviorism and the problem of privacy WILLIAM LYONS
331
Introspection as the key to mental life CHRIS MORTENSEN 338 Introspection as the key to mental life CHRIS MORTENSEN
340
The behaviorist concept of mind DAVID M ROSENTHAL
351
Explaining behavior Skinners way MICHAEL A SIMON
358
Mental way stations in contemporary theories of animal learning
365
The development of concepts of the mental world HENRY M WELLMAN
371
In support of cognitive theories THOMAS R ZENTALL
379
The phylogeny and ontogeny of behavior
382
Postscript
400
Contingencies of selection reinforcement and survival DAVID P BARASH
406
Costbenefit models and the evolution of behavior JERRAM L BROWN
413
Consequence contingencies and provenance partitions JUAN D DELIUS
419
B F Skinner versus Dr Pangloss MICHAEL T GHISELIN
426
The structure versus the provenance of behavior JERRY A HOGAN
433
B F Skinner and the flaws of sociobiology ANTHONY J PERZIGIAN
441
Is evolution of behavior operant conditioning writ large? ANATOL RAPOPORT
448
What are the scope and limits of radical behaviorist theory?
465
of behaviorism
474
Biographical sketch and bibliography of works
489
Acknowledgments and notes
496
Name index
527
Subject index
535
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