The Selection of Behavior: The Operant Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner: Comments and Consequences

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CUP Archive, Jun 24, 1988 - Psychology - 563 pages
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This book was first published in 1988. B. F. Skinner was arguably the most important and influential psychologist of the last century. Yet in his long and distinguished career he consistently declined to be engaged by his critics. In his ninth decade, he elected to confront them all: cognitivists, ethologists, brain scientists, biologists, linguists, and philosophers - close to one hundred and fifty scientists and scholars from the entire spectrum of behavior-related disciplines around the world. Skinner's views on consciousness, language, problem solving, evolution, biology, brain function, computers, theory and explanation, presented in six seminal papers, are analyzed, criticized and explained in the 'open peer commentary' format of the Behavioral and Brain Sciences journal. The result is a remarkably lucid and revealing historical record of Skinnerian thinking and its impact on psychology and its allied disciplines. General readers, students, professionals and historians will find this unique intellectual exchange an invaluable resource.
 

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Contents

The operant behaviorism of B F Skinner
3
Selection by consequences
11
On the status of causal modes ROBERT C BOLLES
23
Skinner selection and selfcontrol Bo DAHLBOM
29
The Darwin of ontogeny? JOHN W DONAHOE
36
The emancipation of thought and culture from their original material substrates
40
Group and individual effects in selection MARVIN HARRIS
46
A onesided view of evolution J MAYNARD SMITH
52
Learning from instruction JEROME A FELDMAN
242
On choosing the right stimulus and rule ROBIN M HOGARTH
248
Can Skinner define a problem? GEIR KAUFMANN
255
Questions raised by the reinforcement paradigm Anatol RAPOPORT
261
Rulegoverned behavior in computational psychology EDWARD P STABLER JR
268
Behaviorism at fifty
278
The fruitful metaphor but a metaphor nonetheless MARC BELTH
295
Undifferentiated and motebeam percepts in WatsonianSkinnerian
302

Perspectives by consequences DUANE M RUMBAUGH
60
Selection misconstrued STEPHEN C STEARNS
67
Giving up the ghost WILLIAM VAUGHAN JR
73
Methods and theories in the experimental analysis of behavior
77
Real people ordinary language and natural measurement SAMUEL M DIETZ
105
The challenge to Skinners theory of behavior BRIAN MACKENZIE
111
Should we return to the laboratory to find out about learning? J M E MORAVCSIK
118
Are Skinners warnings still relevant to current psychology? Marc N RICHELLE
125
The dark side of Skinnerian epistemology WILLIAM W ROZEBOOM
131
Not shall it be but which shall it be? CHARLES P SHIMP
138
Toward the mathematical inner man JAMES T TOWNSEND
145
The operational analysis of psychological terms
150
Waiting for the world to make me talk and tell me what I meant
168
Wishful thinking DANIEL C DENNETT
174
Operationism smuggled connotations and the nothingelse clause Peter HARZEM
183
The flight from human behavior C FERGUS LOWE
189
On Skinners radical operationalism J MOORE
200
B F Skinners theorizing Douglas STALKER AND PAUL ZIFF
206
On the operational definition of a toothache COLIN WRIGHT
213
An operant analysis of problem solving
218
A causal role for conscious seeing ROBERT M GORDON
309
B F Skinners confused philosophy of science LAURENCE HITTERDALE
316
Artificially intelligent mental models MICHAEL LEBOWITZ
323
Philosophy and the future of behaviorism M JACKSON MARR
331
The phylogeny and ontogeny of behavior
382
Ontogenetic or phylogenetic another afterpain of the fallacious
404
Costbenefit models and the evolution of behavior JERRAM L BROWN
413
Consequence contingencies and provenance partitions Juan D DELIUS
419
Ethology ignored Skinner to its detriment Jack P HAILMAN
431
A moral perspective STEPHEN KAPLAN
438
Nature and nurture revisited H C PLOTKIN
445
Variation and selection of behavior
452
What are the scope and limits of radical behaviorist theory?
465
Problems of selection and phylogeny terms and methods
474
Skinners reply to Catania
483
Biographical sketch and bibliography of works
489
Acknowledgments and notes
496
Narne index
527
Subject index
535
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