The Selection of Behavior: The Operant Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner: Comments and Consequences

Front Cover
CUP Archive, Jun 24, 1988 - Psychology - 563 pages
This book was first published in 1988. B. F. Skinner was arguably the most important and influential psychologist of the last century. Yet in his long and distinguished career he consistently declined to be engaged by his critics. In his ninth decade, he elected to confront them all: cognitivists, ethologists, brain scientists, biologists, linguists, and philosophers - close to one hundred and fifty scientists and scholars from the entire spectrum of behavior-related disciplines around the world. Skinner's views on consciousness, language, problem solving, evolution, biology, brain function, computers, theory and explanation, presented in six seminal papers, are analyzed, criticized and explained in the 'open peer commentary' format of the Behavioral and Brain Sciences journal. The result is a remarkably lucid and revealing historical record of Skinnerian thinking and its impact on psychology and its allied disciplines. General readers, students, professionals and historians will find this unique intellectual exchange an invaluable resource.
 

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Contents

The operant behaviorism of B F Skinner
3
Skinners responses follow immediately after each commentary
11
On the status of causal modes ROBERT C BOLLES
23
Skinner selection and selfcontrol Bo DAHLBOM
29
The Darwin of ontogeny? JOHN W DONAHOE
36
Canonical papers of B F Skinner
40
Group and individual effects in selection MARVIN HARRIS
46
A onesided view of evolution J MAYNARD SMITH
52
Mental yes private no HOWARD RACHLIN
200
B F Skinners theorizing DOUGLAS STALKER AND PAUL ZIFF
206
On the operational definition of a toothache COLIN WRIGHT
213
An operant analysis of problem solving
218
Can we analyze Skinners problemsolving behavior in operant terms?
239
Psychology as moral rhetoric Rom HARRÉ
245
Contingencies rules and the problem of novel behavior PERE JULIÀ
253
Is there such a thing as a problem situation? KJELL RAAHEIM
259

Perspectives by consequences DUANE M RUMBAUGH
60
Selection misconstrued STEPHEN C STEARNS
67
Giving up the ghost WILLIAM VAUGHAN JR
73
Selection by consequences 11
11
Methods and theories in the experimental analysis of behavior 77
77
Some overt behavior is neither elicited nor emitted WAYNE HERSHBERGER 107
107
The role of the statistician in psychology F H C MARRIOTT
114
Skinners philosophy of method R J NELSON
121
What then should we do? SETH ROBERTS
128
Current questions for the science of behavior KENNETH M SAYRE
134
Behavior theories and the inner ERNEST SOSA
141
Behavioral and statistical theorists and their disciples LEROY WOLINS
147
The operational analysis of psychological terms
150
Waiting for the world to make me talk and tell me what I meant
168
Wishful thinking DANIEL C DENNETT
174
Operationism smuggled connotations and the nothingelse clause PETER HARZEM
181
Social traits selfobservations and other hypothetical constructs
187
On Skinners radical operationalism J MOORE
194
New wine in old glasses? JOSEPH M SCANDURA
265
The egg revealed WILLIAM S VERPLANCK 273
275
Behaviorism at fifty
278
The fruitful metaphor but a metaphor nonetheless MARC BELTH
295
Undifferentiated and motebeam percepts in WatsonianSkinnerian
302
A causal role for conscious seeing ROBERT M GORDON
309
B F Skinners confused philosophy of science LAURENCE HITTERDALE
316
Artificially intelligent mental models MICHAEL LEBOWITZ
323
Philosophy and the future of behaviorism M Jackson MARR
331
The phylogeny and ontogeny of behavior
382
J E R STADDON
452
What are the scope and limits of radical behaviorist theory?
465
Problems of selection and phylogeny terms and methods
474
Biographical sketch and bibliography of works
489
Acknowledgments and notes
496
Name index
527
Subject index
535
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