The Significance of Monuments: On the Shaping of Human Experience in Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe

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Psychology Press, 1998 - History - 179 pages
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The Neolithic period, when agriculture began and many monuments - including Stonehenge - were constructed, is an era fraught with paradoxes and ambiguities. Starting in the Mesolithic and carrying his analysis through to the Late Bronze Age, Richard Bradley sheds light on this complex period and the changing consciousness of these prehistoric peoples.
The Significance of Monuments studies the importance of monuments tracing their history from their first creation over six thousand years later. Part One discusses how monuments first developed and their role in developing a new sense of time and space among the inhabitants of prehistoric Europe. Other features of the prehistoric landscape - such as mounds and enclosures - across Continental Europe are also examined. Part Two studies how such monuments were modified and reinterpreted to suit the changing needs of society through a series of detailed case studies.
The Significance of Monuments is an indispensable text for all students of European prehistory. It is also an enlightening read for professional archaeologists and all those interested in this fascinating period.
 

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Contents

The Neolithic longhouses at Barkaer Jutland
6
The local setting of Barkaer
7
The internal structure of one of the monuments at Barkaer
8
The agricultural frontier in north and northwest Europe
12
The regions considered in Part I
15
Sites and regions considered in Part II
16
the Mesolithic world view and
20
Mesolithic and Neolithic burials at Dragsholm Zealand
23
Alternative groundplans of Severn Cotswold tombs
55
Plan of TumulusStMichel Carnac Brittany
56
The excavated sequence at Le Petit Mont Arzon Brittany
57
Alternative groundplans for megalithic tombs
60
The changing relationship between tomb plans and human remains
62
The sequence at the megalithic tomb of L0nt Jutland
65
causewayed enclosures and their
68
Plan of the causewayed enclosure at the Beusterburg western Germany
70

Mesolithic burials with deposits of antler
26
Mesolithic burials at Vlasac Serbia
29
Cist burial at Teviec Brittany
30
Symbolic structures at Lepenski Vir
33
the origins of long mounds
36
The distribution of longhouses long mounds and megalithic tombs
38
The plan of a longhouse at Olszanica Poland compared with that of Kilham long barrow England
39
The changing locations of the longhouses at Langweiler site
45
The layout of the longhouses at Brzesc Kujavski compared with that of the long barrows at Sarnowo Poland
47
architecture ancestry and the development
51
Plan of the enclosed settlement at Darion Belgium
75
Plan of the causewayed enclosure at Les Reaudins northern France
77
PART II
79
ritual and ceremonial from passage
101
henge monuments stone circles
116
the changing character of monuments from
132
the domestication of ritual life
147
References
165
Index
177
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About the author (1998)

Richard Bradley is Professor of Archaeology at Reading University. Current interests include landscape archaeology and rock art. Recent books include Altering the Earth and Rock Art and the Prehistory of Atlantic Europe. He is the general editor of the Routledge Journal World Archaeology.

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