The Small Community: Foundation of Democratic Life

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Transaction Publishers, Jul 1, 2012 - Social Science - 339 pages
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In this age of large cities, mass culture, and ever more massive events, people must struggle against an overwhelming crowd of their own creations to maintain human integrity. In this manual for human survival, Arthur E. Morgan offers a solution: peaceful existence in the small, primary community where, more easily than anywhere else, people can find a way to live well. Ultimately striving to show that the small community is "the lifeblood of civilization," this volume examines the political organization, membership, economics, health, and ethics characteristics of small communities.

Like Rousseau before him, Morgan observes that we have less control over our affairs than in the past. In increasing our control of the natural environment, human beings have built a social environment so out of scale that it becomes nearly impossible for people to maintain balance. The struggle now is less with the natural order than with the social order, and preserving human integrity against the plethora of our own creations is the core problem.

The need to rediscover elementary forms of human existence has been accelerated by the efficiencies of centralized control and mass persuasion. In the face of this, small communities or intimate groups become the primary pattern in which human beings must live if the good life is to be a realistic goal. The timely nature of this volume has grown as the electronic displaces the mechanical as a moral rival to human community.

 

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Contents

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SMALL COMMUNITY
3
WHAT Is A COMMUNITY?
20
MAN Is A COMMUNITY ANIMAL
31
HISTORY OF THE COMMUNITY
40
THE PLACE OF THE COMMUNITY IN HUMAN CULTURE
55
THE RELATION OF THE COMMUNITY T0 LARGER SO CIAL UNITs
62
THE COMMUNITY IN AMERICA
91
THE CREATION OF NEW COMMUNITIES
99
SPECIFIC COMMUNITY INTERESTS
179
GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIc RELATIONS
181
COMMUNITY EcONOMIcs
186
COOPERATIVEs As AN EXPRESSION OF COMMUNITY
196
COMMUNITY HEALTH
204
COMMUNITY SOCIAL SERVICES
210
SMALL COMMUNITY RECREATION
216
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ASPECTS OF COMMUNITY LIFE
236

THE PROBLEM
107
AN APPROACH TO A SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM OF THE COMMUNITY
113
PART TWO COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION
119
COMMUNITY DESIGN A
131
A STUDY OF THE COMMUNITY
139
THE COMMUNITY COUNCIL
145
PART THREE
167
COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP
168
COMMUNITY FOLLOWERSHIP
174
COMMUNITY ETHIcs
253
THE CHURCH IN THE COMMUNITY
263
PART FOUR CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS
269
THE PIONEER IN THE COMMUNITY
271
FREEDOM IN THE COMMUNITY
279
SUGGESTED READINOs
283
NOTES FOR QUOTATIONs UsED IN THE TExT
304
INDEX
307
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Arthur E. Morgan (1878-1975) was a civil engineer, United States administrator, and educator. He was the design engineer for the Miami Conservancy District flood control system and oversaw its construction. He served as president of Antioch College between 1920 and 1936. He was also the first chairman of the Tennessee Valley Authority from 1933 until 1938, where he used the concepts proven in his earlier work with the Miami Conservancy District. His final years of a long life were served in developing a network of community organisations, on which The Small Community is largely based.

Baker Brownell (1887-1965) was a soldier, newspaper man, popular teacher and lecturer, prolific writer and minor power, and scholar concerned with the dynamics of both the "small community" and the larger "human community" of which it formed an important component. He received his bachelors in philosophy from Northwestern and his masters in philosophy from Harvard. Author of The New Universe and editor of a twelve volume series entitled Man and His World, he spent most of his career at Northwestern University.

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