The Social Origins of Christian Architecture: Texts and Monuments for the Christian Domus Ecclesiae in Its Environment
Early Christianity seems not to have had a highly developed institutional character. Christians met in the homes of individual members, and there was no such thing as a church building. By the fourth century, however, Christianity had become an official Roman religion, and a new architectural form, the basilica, would soon become the standard throughout the Roman world. In this volume Michael White uses literary, archaeological, and documentary sources to set the architectural history of the early church within its wider cultural context, showing how the change from house churches to public basilicas coincided with crucial developments in the social aspects and religious practices of the emergent Christian movement.
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Literary Sources for Early Christian Assembly
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aedicula aisle altar apse Aquileia archaeological architectural basilica bench bishop CBCR Christian building church building CIMRM columns complex construction courtyard cult decoration dedication Delos domus ecclesiae door Dura Dura-Europos e7ti earlier Early Christian east wall edifice entrance Eusebius evidence excavations Felix floor level fourth century graffiti Greek Hall Church hall of assembly Ibid Idem inscription insula Italia Jewish Kraabel Kraeling Krautheimer Laodicea Combusta later Location Lullingstone Lullingstone Roman Villa marble mithraeum Mithraic Mithras Mitreo Montanist mosaic nave niche north wall Octagon opus opus latericium opus mixtum opus reticulatum opus vittatum original Ostia partition Phase Plan restoration plaster probably pronaos Province reconstruction renovation Roman Villa Rome San Clemente sanctuary Sardis second century side south wall Stage Stobi structure stylobate suggest synagogue Syria third century tion titulus Torah Torah Shrine Translation west wall xcbv xcov xf|v xoiq