The Social Psychology of Prejudice
This volume provides a comprehensive and concise overview on the nature and causes of prejudice. The importance of a scientific understanding of prejudice and racism, different approaches to the definition and conceptualization of prejudice, and the relation of prejudice and behavior are considered. John Duckitt also contributes a unique historical analysis of social scientific understandings of prejudice. He integrates an otherwise confusing mass of popular theories and perspectives into a coherent explanatory framework and develops this into a systemic multilevel approach to the problem of reducing prejudice in society and individuals. From Duckitt's perspective, prejudices are remarkable not in their existence, but in their ubiquity--the ease with which they can be aroused, their variety of expression, and the tenacity with which they are held. He demonstrates that, although it is unlikely that the universal psychological processes which underlie a fundamental propensity for prejudice can be changed, the degree to which they come to be expressed can be: at the level of social structure and intergroup relations, in the social influences to which individuals are exposed, and in individual susceptibility. The Social Psychology of Prejudice will be of particular use to social scientists in the fields of psychology, sociology, political science, and anthropology.
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Jv The Concept of Prejudice
Jj5 Prejudice and Behavior
A Historical Analysis and
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Adorno Afrikaans Allport Altemeyer American South anti-Semitism antiblack Apartheid approach argued associated attribution authoritarian personality Bagley basic behavior beliefs bias Brewer causal chapter cognitive competition concept consistent correlations cultural determinant of prejudice differential dimensions discrimination dominant Duckitt effects ethnocentrism evaluation evidence example explain F scale factors favorable findings frustration highly prejudiced hostility important indicated individual-difference individuals ingroup bias interaction intergroup attitudes intergroup conflict intergroup contact intergroup relations interracial involved issue Lambley Levin McConahay measures minimal intergroup negative Orpen outgroup members overall particularly patterns of prejudice perspective Pettigrew prej prejudiced attitudes problem processes psychodynamic psychological racial attitudes racial prejudice reduce prejudice relationship result role samples seems self-esteem significant Simpson & Yinger situations social distance social groups social identity theory Social Psychology societies South Africa status stereotypes studies suggested susceptibility to prejudice symbolic racism Tajfel tend tendency traditional racism traits udice variables white South Africans