The Societal Integration of Immigrants in Germany
"This paper investigates whether and to what extent immigrants in Germany are integrated into German society by utilizing a variety of qualitative information and subjective data collected in the 1999 wave of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). To this end, leisure-time activities and attitudes of native Germans, ethnic Germans and foreign immigrants of different generations are compared. The empirical results suggest that conditional on observable characteristics the activities and attitudes of foreign immigrants from both generations differ much more from those of native Germans than the activities/attitudes of ethnic Germans. Furthermore, the attitudes of second-generation immigrants tend to be characterized by a larger degree of fatalism, pessimism and self-doubt than those of all other groups, although their activities and participation in societal life resemble more those of native Germans than those of their parents' generation"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site.
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activities and attitudes born in Germany Ch.M characteristics Contact to Germans control variables dard degree of fatalism Dustmann earnings Eastern Europe economic Estimation results indicate ethnic German immigrants ethnic Germans display ethnic Germans tend European Union feel connected Feel German foreign immigrants free-time Furthermore German citizenship German society German Socio-Economic Panel Germans and foreign Germans born guest worker hit upon difficulties human capital immigrant groups Immigrants in Germany immigrants tend integration of immigrant intercourse with friends ISBN labor market language fluency language of origin large set leisure-time activities Mean Stan migrants native Germans natural environment non-citizens optimistic origin country Original answer possibilities otherwise participate in clubs pessimistic Probit Questions on Leisure-Time relatives or neighbors Schmidt schooling degree second-generation immigrants self-doubt significant differences significantly higher probability societal integration Soest statistically significant negative Summary Statistics Table A4 Th.K timated tion variables see Table Visits from Germans wages well-being and satisfaction