The Spatial Theory of Voting: An Introduction
This book provides an introduction to an important approach to the study of voting and elections: the spatial theory of voting. In contrast to the social-psychological approach to studying voting behaviour, the spatial theory of voting is premised on the idea of self-interested choice. Voters cast votes on the basis of their evaluation of the candidates or policy alternatives competing for their vote. Candidates fashion their appeals to the voters in an effort to win votes. The spatial theory provides explicit definitions for these behavioural assumptions to determines the form that self-interested behaviour will take. The consequences of this behaviour for the type of candidate or policy that voters will select is the major focus of the theory. There is a twofold purpose to this work. The first is to provide an elementary but rigourous introduction to an important body of political science research. The second is to design and test a spatial theory of elections that provides insights into the nature of election contests. The book will appeal to a wide audience, since the mathematics is kept to an accessible level.
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the behavioral assumptions
The unidimensional spatial voting model
A twodimensional spatial model
A general spatial model of candidate competition
The influence of candidate characteristics
Voting on budgets
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1980 presidential election agenda control alternative assume assumption axis behavior busing campaign candidate located candidate's Carter changes Chapter choice closer committee voting competitive voting conditional ideal point conservative contract curve defined Democrats discussed dominant point electoral college estimate Euclidean distance example expected utility hypothesis factor analysis forecast given Hinich i's utility incumbent liberal liberal-conservative linear majority matrix mean median voter result nonpolicy issues optimal Pareto set party ID perception policy issues policy positions politicians predictive dimension predictive labels predictive map predictive space predictive uncertainty preference rule preferred point prefers Theta presidential elections project-2 spending proposal random variable Reagan represents Republican scale school board Section single-peaked spatial model spatial theory spending figures spending level standard deviation status quo Suppose Theta and Psi Theta to Psi tion total budget valence dimension variance voter i's voter preferences women's lib xmed zero zmed