Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 21, 1989 - History - 757 pages
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The Spirit of the Laws is without question one of the central texts in the history of eighteenth-century thought, yet there has been no complete scholarly English language edition since 1750. This lucid translation renders Montesquieu's problematic text newly accessible to a fresh generation of students, helping them to understand why Montesquieu was such an important figure in the early enlightenment and why The Spirit of the Laws was such an influence on those who framed the American Constitution. Fully annotated, this edition focuses on Montesquieu's use of sources and his text as a whole, rather than on those opening passages toward which critical energies have traditionally been devoted.
 

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Contents

Part 1
3
On laws deriving directly from the nature of the government
10
On the principles of the three governments
21
That the laws of education should be relative to the principles of the government
31
That the laws given by the legislator should be relative to the principle of the government
42
Consequences of the principles of the various governments in relation to the simplicity of civil and criminal laws the form of judgments and the estab...
72
Consequences of the different principles of the three governments in relation to sumptuary laws luxury and the condition of women
96
On the corruption of the principles of the three governments
112
On the laws in their relation with the principles forming the general spirit the mores and the manners of a nation
308
Part 4
337
On laws in their relation to commerce considered in the revolutions it has had in the world
354
On laws in their relation to the use of money
398
On laws in their relation to the number of inhabitants
427
Part 5
459
On the laws in their relation with the establishment of the religion of each country and of its external police
479
On the laws in the relation they should have with the order of things upon which they are to enact
494

Part 2
131
On laws in their relation with offensive force
138
On the laws that form political liberty in its relation with the constitution
154
On the laws that form political liberty in relation to the citizen
187
On the relations that the levy of taxes and the size of public revenues have with liberty
213
Part 3
231
How the laws of civil slavery are related with the nature of the climate
246
How the laws of domestic slavery are related to the nature of the climate
264
How the laws of political servitude are related to the nature of the climate
278
On the laws in their relation with the nature of the terrain
285
Part 6
521
On the origin and revolutions of the civil laws among the French
532
On the way to compose the laws
602
The theory of the feudal laws among the Franks in their relation with the establishment of the monarchy
619
The theory of the feudal laws among the Franks in their relation to the revolutions of their monarchy
669
Bibliography
723
Index of names and places
735
Index of works cited
747
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