The Talking Ape: How Language Evolved
In this mind-opening book, Robbins Burling presents the most convincing - and the most readable - account of the origins of language yet published. He sheds new light on how language affects the way we think, behave, and relate to each other, and he gives us a deeper understanding of the nature of language itself. The author traces language back to its earliest origins among our distant ape-like forbears several million years ago. He offers a new account of the route by which we acquired our defining characteristic and explores the changing nature of language as it developed through the course of our evolution. He considers what the earliest forms of communication are likely to have been, how they worked, and why they were deployed. He examines the qualities of mind and brain needed to support the operations of language and the advantages they offered for survival and reproduction. He investigates the beginnings and prehistories of vocabulary and grammar; and connects work in fields extending from linguistics, sign languages, and psychology to palaeontology, evolutionary biology, and archaeology. And he does all this in a style that is crystal-clear, constantly enlivened by wit and humour.
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ability adapted alarm calls American Sign Language analog ancestors another’s apes arbitrary audible behavior better bird songs birds bonobos brain child chimpanzees chimps Chomsky cognitive communication complex contrastive conventional conventionalized convey cultural deaf developed distinct easily emotions English evolution evolutionary evolved facial expressions females FOXP2 function genes gesticulation gesture-calls give grammaticalization hand hominin human language iconicity imagine imitation individual internal language intonation joint attention Kanzi kind learners lexigrams linguistic linguistic selection listeners males mammals meaning mind modern motivated signs mutation natural selection Nicaraguan sign language objects Paleolithic patterns phonology primate primate calls primatologists produce quotable gestures recognize sentences sexual selection sign language skills smile social songs sounds speakers species speech spoken language syllables syntactic syntax talk theory things understand universal grammar Upper Paleolithic variability vervet visible vocabulary vocal tract voluntary control vowels word order