The Tropospheric chemistry of ozone in the polar regions
This book is to facilitate interactions among researchers in the key areas of field measurements, laboratory studies and modeling who have experience in air chemistry of the continental lower troposphere, the stratosphere and its polar regions. These interactions have become increasingly important since it is apparent that the arctic troposphere plays an important role in environmental concerns with respect to global change. It is a unique chemical reactor influenced by human activity and the Arctic Ocean. In winter industrialized continents contribute gaseous and particulate pollution. It is underlain by the flat Arctic Ocean from which it is separated by a crack-ridden ice membrane 3-4 m thick. Ocean to atmosphere exchange of heat, water vapor and marine biogenic gases influence the composition of the reactor.
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Tropospheric Oxidants Modelling
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absorption acetylene aerosol air masses Alert alkanes Antarctic Antarctica anthropogenic Arctic atmosphere Arctic haze Arctic Ocean arctic troposphere Atlantic Ocean Atmos atoms average Barrie Barrow Behnke Bottenheim boundary layer bromine bromoform calculations CHBr3 Chem chemical chlorine compounds concentrations correlation Crutzen cycle distribution emissions Environ flux free troposphere gas phase Geophys global halocarbons halogen HCHO hydrocarbons ice algae ice cores ice surface kinetic latitudes Legrand levels lifetime lower troposphere marine measurements mixing ratio molecules Niki NMHCs O3 depletion observed ocean Oltmans oxidation ozone depletion ozone destruction Penkett phosgene photochemical photochemistry photolysis polar regions polar sunrise pollution ppbv pptv present pressure processes production profiles radicals rate coefficient rate constants reaction reactive samples seasonal variation seawater snow species spectrum stratospheric studies Sturges summer temperature transport tropopause Tropospheric Chemistry tropospheric ozone vertical winter Zetzsch