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The Unwritten Constitution of the United States: A Philosophical Inquiry ...
Christopher Gustavus Tiedeman
No preview available - 2018
according action adoption amendment American American constitutions attempt authority become called cause CHAPTER character citizen citizenship civil claim College commands common conduct Congress consequence constitutional law construction contract convention corporation decision delegated demand doctrine doubt effect election electors enactment enforced English established exercise existing express fact Federal Government follows forces fundamental give governmental grant held hence independent individual influence intended interpretation Justice legislation legislature limitations living majority meaning ment moral natural natural rights necessary necessity obedience operation origin party persons political political power popular possess present President prevalent sense principles privileges and immunities prohibited protection provision public opinion question reason refer Representatives require respect result Roman rule Senate sense of right social sovereign sovereignty stitutional strong Supreme Court supreme power thought tion true Union United unless violation written Constitution written word
Page 100 - States to make and enforce contracts; to sue, be parties, and give evidence ; to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property ; and to full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens...
Page 35 - Not only, therefore, can there be no loss of separate and independent autonomy to the States, through their union under the Constitution, but it may be not unreasonably said that the preservation of the States, and the maintenance of their governments, are as much within the design and care of the Constitution as the preservation of the Union and the maintenance of the National government. The Constitution, in all its provisions, looks to an indestructible Union, composed of indestructible States.
Page 105 - All this and more must follow if the proposition of the plaintiffs in error be sound. For not only are these rights subject to the control of Congress whenever in its discretion any of them are supposed to be abridged by State legislation, but that body may also pass laws in advance, limiting and restricting the exercise of legislative power by the States, in their most ordinary and usual functions, as in its judgment it may think proper on all such subjects. And still further, such a construction...
Page 31 - States, to devise such further provisions as shall appear to them necessary to render the constitution of the federal government adequate to the exigencies of the union...
Page 61 - The contracts which the constitution protects are those that relate to property rights, not governmental. It is not always easy to tell on which side of the line which separates governmental from property rights a particular case is to be put ; but in respect to lotteries there can be no difficulty. They are not, in the legal acceptation of the term, mala in se, but as we have just seen, may properly be made mala prohibita.
Page 31 - Congress it is expedient that on the second Monday in May next a convention of delegates, who shall have been appointed by the several States, be held at Philadelphia for the sole and express purpose of revising the articles of Confederation and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures such alterations and provisions therein as shall, when agreed to in Congress and confirmed by the States, render the federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the preservation of the...
Page 61 - ... awarded to them from the accumulations of others. Certainly the right to stop them is governmental, to be exercised at all times by those in power at their discretion. Anyone, therefore, who accepts a lottery charter, does so with the implied understanding that the people, in their sovereign capacity and through their properly constituted agencies, may resume it at any time when the public good shall require, and this whether it be paid for or not.
Page 131 - The government, then, of the United States, can claim no powers which are not granted to it by the constitution, and the powers actually granted must be such as are expressly given, or given by necessary implication.
Page 104 - Protection by the government; the enjoyment of life and liberty, with the right to acquire and possess property of every kind, and to pursue and obtain happiness and safety ; subject nevertheless to such restraints as the government may justly prescribe for the general good of the whole.
Page 103 - We feel no hesitation in confining these expressions to those privileges and immunities which are, in their nature, fundamental; which belong, of right, to the citizens of all free governments; and which have, at all times, been enjoyed by the citizens of the several states which compose this Union, from the time of their becoming free, independent, and sovereign.