The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History

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Günter Bischof, Stefan Karner, Barbara Stelzl-Marx
Lexington Books, Dec 19, 2013 - History - 540 pages
At the beginning of June 1961, the tensions of the Cold War were supposed to abate as both sides sought a resolution. The two most important men in the world, John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev, met for a summit in Vienna. Yet the high hopes were disappointed. Within months the Cold War had become very hot: Khrushchev built the Berlin Wall and a year later he sent missiles to Cuba to threaten the United States directly.

Despite the fact that the Vienna Summit yielded barely any tangible results, it did lead to some very important developments. The superpowers came to see for the first time that there was only one way to escape from the atomic hell of their respective arsenals: dialogue. The "peace through fear" and the "hotline" between Washington and Moscow prevented an atomic confrontation. Austria successfully demonstrated its new role as neutral state and host when Vienna became a meeting place in the Cold War. In The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History international experts use new Russian and Western sources to analyze what really happened during this critical time and why the parties had a close shave with catastrophe.


 

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Contents

Contextualizing the Vienna Summit
55
SOVIET UNION
167
ASIA AND AFRICA
209
The Summit
266
The Berlin Crisis
367
Appendices
437
Appendix 1
439
Appendix 2
449
Appendix 31
459
Appendix 32
467
Appendix 33
483
Select Bibliography
503
Index
511
About the Contributors
533
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Günter Bischof is a university research professor and director of CenterAustria at the University of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Stefan Karner is head of the Department of Economic, Social, and Business History at the University of Graz and director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research of War Consequences, Graz-Vienna.
Barbara Stelzl-Marx is deputy director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research of War Consequences and lecturer at the University of Graz.


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