The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History
Günter Bischof, Stefan Karner, Barbara Stelzl-Marx
Lexington Books, Dec 19, 2013 - History - 540 pages
At the beginning of June 1961, the tensions of the Cold War were supposed to abate as both sides sought a resolution. The two most important men in the world, John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev, met for a summit in Vienna. Yet the high hopes were disappointed. Within months the Cold War had become very hot: Khrushchev built the Berlin Wall and a year later he sent missiles to Cuba to threaten the United States directly.
Despite the fact that the Vienna Summit yielded barely any tangible results, it did lead to some very important developments. The superpowers came to see for the first time that there was only one way to escape from the atomic hell of their respective arsenals: dialogue. The "peace through fear" and the "hotline" between Washington and Moscow prevented an atomic confrontation. Austria successfully demonstrated its new role as neutral state and host when Vienna became a meeting place in the Cold War. In The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History international experts use new Russian and Western sources to analyze what really happened during this critical time and why the parties had a close shave with catastrophe.
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Adenauer agreement allies Ambassador American Austrian Berlin Crisis Berlin Wall Beschloss British Central Committee chev Chinese Chruschtschows Cold communist conference countries CPSU Cuba Dean Rusk détente diplomacy diplomatic disarmament discussion East East–West economic Eisenhower embassy Europe European forces Foreign Minister foreign policy French FRUS Fursenko Gaulle German translation issue JFKL John F June Karner Kennedy and Khrushchev Kennedy’s Khrush Kremlin Kulmination der Berlin-Krise Macmillan Memorandum Mikoyan military missiles Moscow negotiations neutral Nikita Nina Khrushcheva nuclear test nuclear weapons Paris Party Pathet Lao peace treaty People’s Republic political position President President’s Press problem question regard relations Republic of China RGANI Rusk Russian Schönbrunn Palace situation Soviet Union Stalin Stefan Karner summit meeting summitry talks test ban tion translation in Wettig UKNA Ulbricht United USSR Vienna Summit Vietnam wanted Warsaw Pact Washington West Berlin West German Western powers White House Wiener Gipfel