The Works of Francis Bacon, Volume 4
Francis Bacon (1561-1626), the English philosopher, statesman and jurist, is best known for developing the empiricist method which forms the basis of modern science. Bacon's writings concentrated on philosophy and judicial reform. His most significant work is the Instauratio Magna comprising two parts - The Advancement of Learning and the Novum Organum. The first part is noteworthy as the first major philosophical work published in English (1605). James Spedding (1808-81) and his co-editors arranged this fourteen-volume edition, published in London between 1857 and 1874, not in chronological order but by subject matter, so that different volumes would appeal to different audiences. The material is divided into three parts: philosophy and general literature; legal works; and letters, speeches and tracts relating to politics. Volume 4, published in 1858, contains the English translation of Bacon's philosophical works that formed part of the Instauratio Magna.
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PLAN OF THE WORK
APHORISMS CONCERNING THE INTERPRETATION OF NATURE
CATALOGUE OF PARTICULAR HISTORIES
OF THE DIGNITY AND ADVANCEMENT
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action ancient animals Aristotle artiﬁcial astrology axioms better burning-glass causes CHAP chieﬂy Cicero cold common conﬁgurations conﬁned deﬁcient deﬁned deﬁnitions Democritus diligence discovered discovery diurnal motion divine Division doctrine concerning earth errors especially example experiments ﬁgure ﬁnd Fingerpost ﬁre ﬁrst place ﬁt ﬁxed ﬂame ﬂow ﬂower glass greater hand heat heaven heavenly bodies History of Earth human Idols induction inﬁnite inﬂuence inquiry invention iron judgment kind knowledge labour Lastly learning less let the nature light likewise logic magnet man’s manner matter means medicine men’s Metaphysic method mind motion namely natural history natural philosophy nature in question observed operation opinion Organon particular Physic Plato Poesy Prerogative Instances Promptuary quicksilver reason received regard rest sciences sense Sophism soul speak speciﬁc spirit of wine substances subtlety suﬂiciently syllogism thought tion touch true truth understanding virtue whereas whereof words