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The Works of William Paley, D.D.: Natural Theology
William Paley,George Wilson Meadley
No preview available - 2016
action amongst animal answer appear argument attention birds blood body bones called carried cause common concerning consequence considerable constitution contrivance course depends direction distinct earth effect equally evident example existence fish fluid force give given hand happiness head human important insects instance intelligence joint kind least less light living manner means mechanism membrane mind moral motion mouth muscles nature necessary never object observed operation opinion organ original Paley Paley's particular pass perhaps plants position present principle probably produced properties question reason relation remark respect rest round seed seems sense side species strong structure substance success sufficient supply suppose surface thing tion true turn variety wanted watch whilst whole
Page 325 - PROPOSITION, and that which we have hitherto been defending, was, " that in a vast plurality of instances, in which contrivance is perceived, the design of the contrivance is beneficial." OUR SECOND PROPOSITION is, " that the Deity has added pleasure to animal sensations, beyond what was necessary for any other purpose, or when the purpose, so far as it was necessary, might have been effected by the operation of pain.
Page 316 - But if you had occasion to describe instruments of torture, or execution, — this engine, you would say, is to extend the sinews ; this to dislocate the joints; this to break the bones; this to scorch the soles of the feet. Here, pain and misery are the very objects of the contrivance. Now, nothing of this sort is to be found in the works of nature. We never discover a train of contrivance to bring about an evil purpose.
Page 309 - Swarms of new-born flies are trying their pinions in the air. Their sportive motions, their wanton mazes, their gratuitous activity, their continual change of place without use or purpose, testify their joy, and the exultation which they feel in their lately discovered faculties.
Page 310 - Walking by the sea-side, in a calm evening, upon a sandy shore, and with an ebbing tide, I have frequently remarked the appearance of a dark cloud, or, rather, very thick mist, hanging over the edge of the water, to the height, perhaps, of half a yard, and of the breadth of two or three yards, stretching along the coast as far as the eye could reach, and always retiring with the water. When this cloud came to be examined, it proved to be nothing else than so much space filled with young shrimps...
Page 108 - Let him study the Holy Scriptures, especially the New Testament. Therein are contained the words of eternal life. It has God for its Author ; salvation for its end ; and truth, without any mixture of error, for its matter.
Page 311 - Herein is the exact difference between the young and the old. The young are not happy, but when enjoying pleasure; the old are happy, when free from pain. And this constitution suits with the degrees of animal power which they respectively possess. The...
Page 316 - No anatomist ever discovered a system of organization calculated to produce pain and disease; or, in explaining the parts of the human body, ever said : This is to irritate, this to inflame ; this duct is to convey the gravel to the kidneys ; this gland to secrete the...
Page 14 - Nor is any thing gained by running the difficulty farther back, ie by supposing the watch before us to have been produced from another watch, that from a former, and so on >indefinitely. Our going back ever so far, brings us no nearer to the least degree of satisfaction upon the subject. Contrivance is still unaccounted for. We still want a contriver.