The Wretched of the Earth

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Grove/Atlantic, Inc., Dec 1, 2007 - Social Science - 320 pages
Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X.
The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

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Fanon is a seminal Caribbean writer, from the island of Martinique, French Antilles. Fanon's work examined in intimate detail, the sociological, psychological effects of colonialism on its subjects and gave great insight into his time in Algeria. A medical doctor by profession, he shaped much of what is today's black-conscious movements.Fanon's impact though was global with many jihadist, and Islamic revolutionaries as well as Arab nationalist's citing him as an influencer of their political ideology. 

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Page xxix - The naked truth of decolonization evokes for us the searing bullets and bloodstained knives which emanate from it. For if the last shall be first, this will only come to pass after a murderous and decisive struggle between the two protagonists.
Page xxxvii - ... domination, massively affirms his superiority. The social group, militarily and economically subjugated, is dehumanized in accordance with a polydimensional method. Exploitation, tortures, raids, racism, collective liquidations, rational oppression take turns at different levels in order literally to make of the native an object in the hands of the occupying nation. This object man, without means of existing, without a raison d'etre, is broken in the very depth of his substance. The desire to...
Page 5 - In the colonies the economic substructure is also a superstructure. The cause is the consequence; you are rich because you are white, you are white because you are rich.
Page xxix - ... last shall be first, this will only come to pass after a murderous and decisive struggle between the two protagonists. That affirmed intention to place the last at the head of things, and to make them climb at a pace (too quickly, some say) the well-known steps which characterize an organized society, can only triumph if we use all means to turn the scale, including, of course, that of violence.

About the author (2007)

Frantz Fanon was born in Martinique in 1925 and studied medicine in France, specializing in psychiatry. Sent to a hospital in Algeria, he found his sympathies turning toward the Algerian Nationalist Movement, which he later joined. He is considered this century's most important theorist of the African struggle for independence. The Wretched of the Earth, his most internationally acclaimed book, has been translated into over twenty-five languages.
Junot Diaz is the author of the critically acclaimed collection of stories Drown.
Jean-Paul Sartre, the existential philosopher, was one of the early champions of Fanon's work and contributed this introduction to the original edition.
Richard Philcox, the translator, has translated many novels by the Caribbean writer Maryse Conde.

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