The Writings of Benjamin Franklin, Volume 9

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Contents

To Prince des Deuxponts June 14 1783
14
To Baron de Stael June 16 1783 53
16
To Charles W F Dumas February 17 1783
17
To Captain Nathaniel Falconer June 18 1783 54
18
To Henry Laurens July 6 1783 58
22
To John Dickinson March 23 1783
23
To Comte de Vergennes March 24 1783
24
To Sir Joseph Banks July 27 1783 73
27
Note by Benjamin Franklin upon a letter addressed to him by Thomas Barclay July 28 1783 75
28
To Emmanuel de Rohan April 6 1783
29
To Robert R Livingston April 15 1783
30
Introduction of Professor Marter April 22 1783
35
To Comte de Vergennes August 16 1783
78
To Sir Joseph Banks August 30 1783
79
To Elias Boudinot August 31 1783
86
To David Hartley September 6 1783
87
To Mrs Mary Hewson April 26 1783 36
89
To John Jay September 10 1783
93
To Elias Boudinot September 13 1783 06
97
To Richard Price September 16 1783
99
To Elias Boudinot September 27 1783
101
To Sir Edward Newenham October 2 1783
102
To Thomas Brand Hollis October 5 1783
103
To Sir Joseph Banks October 8 1783
105
To David Hartley October 16 1783 177
108
To David Hartley October 22 1783
109
To Elias Boudinot November 1 1783
110
To Sir Joseph Banks November 21 1783
113
To Sir Joseph Banks December 1 1783
119
To Henry Laurens December 6 1783
122
To Robert R Livingston April 27 1783 37
124
To Sir Joseph Banks December 15 1783
125
To William Carmichael December 15 1783
126
To Giacomo Francesco Crocco December 15 1783
128
To Thomas Mifflin December 25 1783
129
To Robert Morris December 25 1783
135
To Ebenezer Hazard December 26 1783
140
To Thomas Mifflin December 26 1783
143
To Samuel Cooper December 26 1783
144
To Elias Boudinot December 26 1783
146
To MichelGuillaumeJean de Crevecoeur 1783
147
On Immigration To an Unknown Correspondent 1783
149
To John Jay January 6 1784
151
To Samuel Chase January 6 1784
153
To David Hartley January 7 1784
154
To Jan Ingenhousz January 16 1784
155
To Comte de Vergennes January 17 1784
157
To Mrs Georgiana HareNaylor January 25 1784
161
To Charles W F Dumas February 1 1784
168
To Henry Laurens February 12 1784
169
To William Strahan February 16 1784
171
To Jean Baptiste Le Roy February 25 1784
173
To John Paul Jones March 4 1784
174
To Comte de Vergennes March 5 1784
176
i486 To Henry Laurens March 12 1784
178
To Mrs Mary Hewson March 19 1784
181
To M Mazue March 19 1784
183
To John Paul Jones March 25 1784
189
To John Adams March 31 1784
190
To Madame Brillon March 31 1784
191
To John Walter April 17 1784
193
To David Hartley April 17 1784
196
To Benjamin Webb April 22 1784
197
To Henry Laurens April 29 1784
198
To Benjamin Vaughan April 29 1784
199
xs 50i A Letter from China May 5 1784
200
To Samuel Mather May 12 1784
208
To Thomas Mifflin May 12 1784
210
To Henry Laurens May 13 1784
211
To Charles Thomson May 13 1784
212
To Mr and Mrs Jay May 13 1784
214
To Comte de Vergennes May 31 1784
215
To Comte de Vergennes May 4 1783 37
219
To Conde de Campomanes June 5 1784
221
To Charles Thomson June 14 1784
224
To Thomas Mifflin June 16 1784
225
Loose Thoughts on a Universal Fluid June 25 1784
227
T514 Of the Paper Money of the United States of America July 3 1784
231
To Thomas Percival July 17 1784
236
To Mason Weems and Edward Gant July 18 1784
238
To Benjamin Vaughan July 26 1784
240
v
243
To Comte de Mercy Argenteau July 30 1784
248
To Messrs Sears and Smith August 4 1784
249
To John Adams August 6 1784
250
To Mrs Mary Hewson August 15 1784
251
To William Franklin August 16 1784
252
To Richard Price August 16 1784
254
To Benjamin West August 17 1784
257
To Lord Howe August 18 1784
258
To William Strahan August 19 1784
259
To George Whatley August 21 1784
264
To Joseph Priestley August 21 1784
266
To William Temple Franklin August 25 1784
268
To Comte de Vergennes September 3 1784
269
To William Temple Franklin September 8 1784
270
To an Unknown Correspondent September 12 1784
272
To William Temple Franklin October 2 1784
274
To Charles Thomson October 16 1784V
276
To William Temple Franklin October 18 1784
277
To Charles Thomson November 11 1784
278
To Messrs Wital and Pauche November 15 1784
279
To Dr Brav November 22 1784
280
To Thomas Jefferson November 23 1784
281
To ?1784
282
To Samuel Jackson Pratt 1784
283
To David Hartley January 3 1785
284
To Richard Price February I 1785
286
To John Jay February 8 1785
287
To Richard Henry Lee February 8 1785
289
To Comte de WindischGratz February 22 1785
290
To Richard Price March 18 1785
300
To William Carmichael March 22 1785
301
To Benjamin Vaughan April 21 1785
304
To AntoineAlexisFrancois Cadet de Vaux 1559 To Jan Ingenhousz April 29 1785
307
To John Jay May 10 1785
325
To Charles Thomson May 10 1785
326
To Mr and Mrs Richard Bache May 10 1785
327
To Marechal de Castries May 16 1785
328
To Jonathan Williams May 19 1785
329
To Caleb Whitefoord May 19 1785
330
To George Whatley May 23 1785
331
To Christopher Wyvill June 16 1785
339
On the Elective Franchises enjoyed by the Small Boroughs in England June 16 1785
340
To Thomas Barclay June 19 1785
343
To June 20 1785
345
To JeanJacques Caffieri June 20 1785
346
To Francis Maseres June 26 1785
347
To Mrs Mary Hewson June 26 1785
351
To Mrs Mary Hewson July 4 1785
352
To Edward Bridgen July 4 1785
353
To Granville Sharp July 5 1785
357
To David Hartley July 5 1785
359
To Jonathan Williams July 5 1785
360
To John Paul Jones July 9 1785
362
To Mrs Jane Mecom July 13 1785
363
To Madame Helvétius July 19 1785
364
To Benjamin Vaughan July 24 1785
365
To Ruellan Co July 25 1785
366
To George Washington September 20 1785
464
To Governor William Greene and Mrs Greene Septem ber 20 1785
465
To John Jay and Mrs Jay September 21 1785
466
To Thomas Paine September 27 17S5
467
To Donatien Le Ray de Chaumont October 20 1785
469
To Madame Helvétius October 20 1785
470
To Ferdinand Grand October 20 1785
471
To David Hartley October 27 1785
472
To Mrs Mary Hewson October 30 1785
473
To Samuel Elbert November 5 1785
474
To Messrs Sears and Smith November 14 1785
475
To John Bard and Mrs Bard November 14 1785
476
To George Clinton January 1 1786
477
To James Bowdoin January 1 1786
478
To Jonathan Williams January 19 1786
480
To Jonathan Williams January 27 1786
481
To Ferdinand Grand January 29 1786
482
Description of an Instrument for taking down Books from high Shelves January 1786
483
To Jonathan Williams February 12 1786
486
To Jonathan Williams February 16 1786
487
To Jonathan Shipley February 24 1786
488
To Ferdinand Grand March 5 1786
492
To Benjamin Rush March 11 ? 1786
494
To M Le Veillard March 16 1786
495
To Ferdinand Grand March 20 1786
497
To Thomas Jefferson March 20 1786
499
To Daniel Roberdeau March 23 1786
500
To JeanBaptiste Le Roy March 27 1786
501
To AbW de la Roche April 1786
502
To Mrs Jane Mecom April 8 1786
506
To Mrs Jane Mecom April 25 1786
508
To Andrew Strahan May 6 1786
509
To Mrs Mary Hewson May 6 1786
511
To Mrs Mary Hewson May 30 1786
513
To Mrs Jane Mecom June 3 1786
514
To John Franklin William Hooker Smith and John Jenkins in Council June n 1786
515
To Charles Thomson June 18 1786
517
To Noah Webster June 18 1786
518
To Jan Ingenhousz June 27 1786
519
To July 3 1786F
520
To Mrs Jane Mecom July 4 1786
522
To Charles Thomson July 6 1786
523
To John Jay July 6 1786
525
To Dr Arthaud July 9 1786
526
To Noah Webster July 9 1786
527
To Joseph Priestley July 29 1786
528
To Richard Price July 29 1786
529
To Benjamin Vaughan July 31 1786 53
530
To Mathew Carey August 10 1786
533
To William Cocke August 12 1786
534
To JeanBaptiste Le Roy August 15 1786
535
To Ferdinand Grand August 15 1786
536
To John Jay August 24 1786
537
On Thermometers September 13 1786
538
To Mrs Jane Mecom September 21 1786
539
To Mile Le Ray de Chaumont October 7 17S6 54i 1660 To Donatien Le Ray de Chaumont October 7 1786
542
To Charles Pettit October 10 1786
543
To Charles Biddle November 2 1786
545
To Abbé de la Roche November 20 1786
546
To William Hunter November 24 1786
547
To Thomas Wight Jr November 25 1786
549
To Edward Bancroft November 26 1786 55
550
To Captain Thomas de Ugarta Y Lianes December
551
To Captain Nathaniel Falconer December 16 1786
552
To Charles Thomson January 25 1787
553
To Alexander Small February 19 1787
555
To Nevil Maskelyne March 29 1787
557
To M le Veillard April 15 1787
558
To the Duc de la Rochefoucauld April 15 1787
563
To Comte dEstaing April 15 1787
566
To the Marquis de Chastellux April 17 1787
567
To Messrs the Abbés Chalut and Arnaud April 17 1787
569
To JeanBaptiste Le Roy April 18 1787
572
To Thomas Jefferson April 19 1787
573
To Ferdinand Grand April 22 1787
575
To Abbe Morellet April 22 1787
577
To Francis Childs October 1 1785 468
580
To Thomas Jordan May 18 1787 582
583
To William Herschell May 18 1787
584
To John Adams May 18 1787 58S 1687 To Richard Price May 18 1787 585
585
To George Whatley May 181787
587
To Mrs Jane Mecom May 30 1787
589
s June 2 1787 59
590
portion of Representation and Votes June 11 1787
595
Motion for Prayers in the Convention June 28 1787 600 J 1693 Proposal for Consideration in the Convention for forming the Constitution of the U...
602
To John Paul Jones July 22 1787 604
604
To Caleb Whitefoord July 27 1787
605
To S Osgood and A Lee August 31 1787
606
1697 Speech in the Convention at the Conclusion of its Deliberations September 17 1787
607
To Arthur St Clair and other Delegates in Congress September 20 1787
609
To Mrs Jane Mecom September 20 1787
613
To Alexander Small September 28 1787
614
To Professor Landriani October 14 1787
617
To Gaetano Filangieri October 14 1787
618
To Ferdinand Grand October 22 1787
619
33
620
To Comte de Buffon November 19 1787
622
To Mrs Jane Mecom December n 1787
623
To December 15 1787
624
To Samuel Elbert December 16 1787
625
To the Printer of the Evening Herald 1787 ?
627
On sending Felons to America 1787 ?
628
To John Ross January 21 1788 630
630
To Samuel Osgood and Walter Livingston January311788
631
To Count de Moustiers February 10 1788
632
To Jan Ingenhousz February 11 1788
633
To the Editors of the Pennsylvania Gazette On the Abuse of the Press March 30 1788
639
To Mrs Collas April 12 1788
642
To Madame Brillon April 19 1788
643
To M Le Veillard April 22 1788 645646648
648
To the Princess Dashkow May 7 1788
649
To James Bowdoin May 31 1788
652
To Mather Byles June 1 1788
655
To M Le Veillard June 8 1788
657
To Dupont de Nemours June 9 1788
658
To Mathew Carey June 10 1788
660
To John Jay June 27 1788
662
To George Clinton July 10 1788
663
To Benjamin Chambers and the other Gentlemen of Cham bersburgh September 20 1788
664
To the Due de la Rochefoucauld October 22 1788
665
To Miss Flainville October 23 1788
667
1737 To JosephIgnace Guillotin October 23 1788
669
To Jan Ingenhousz October 24 1788
670
To Dupont de Nemours October 24 1788
671
To M Le Veillard October 24 1788
673
To Benjamin Vaughan October 24 1788
675
To Ferdinand Grand October 24 1788
677
To Madame Helvétius October 25 1788
678
To JeanBaptiste Le Roy October 25 1788
679
To Joseph Elam November 10 1788
680
To the Duc de la Rochefoucauld November 13 1788
681
To Francis Childs November 19 1788
682
To Mrs Jane Mecom November 26 1788
684
To Cyrus Griffin November 29 1788
687
To William Vaughan December 9 1788
688
To Abbe1 Morellet December 10 1788
690
To Charles Thomson December 29 1788
691
A Comparison of
698

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Page 209 - I did not understand him, till I felt my head hit against the beam. He was a man that never missed any occasion of giving instruction; and upon this he said to me, " You are young, and have the world before you; STOOP as you go through it, and you will miss many hard thumps.
Page 208 - Good,' which I think was written by your father. It had been so little regarded by a former possessor, that several leaves of it were torn out ; but the remainder gave me such a turn of thinking, as to have an influence on my conduct through life ; for I have always set a greater value on the character of a doer of good than any other kind of reputation ; and if I have been, as you seem to think, a useful citizen, the public owes the advantage of it to that book.
Page 166 - I wish the bald eagle had not been chosen as the representative of our country ; he is a bird of bad moral character ; he does not get his living honestly. You may have seen him perched on some dead tree, where, too lazy to fish for himself, he watches the...
Page 156 - Five thousand balloons, capable of raising two men each, could not cost more than five ships of the line; and where is the prince who can afford so to cover his country with troops for its defence, as that ten thousand men descending from the clouds might not in many places do an infinite deal of mischief, before a force could be brought together to repel them...
Page 601 - I have lived, sir, a long time, and the longer I live the more convincing proofs I see of this truth, that GOD governs in the affairs of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, is it probable that an empire can rise without his aid? We have been assured, sir, in the sacred writings that "except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain that build it.
Page 601 - I also believe that without His concurring aid we shall succeed in this political building no better than the builders of Babel. We shall be divided by our little partial local interests; our projects will be confounded, and we ourselves shall become a reproach and byword down to future ages.
Page 600 - In this situation of this assembly, groping, as it were, in the dark, to find political truth, and scarce able to distinguish it when presented to us, how has it happened, sjr, that we have not hitherto once thought of humbly applying to the Father of lights to illuminate our understandings...
Page 601 - I live, the more convincing Proofs I see of this Truth, That God governs in the Affairs of Men, — And if a Sparrow cannot fall to the Ground without his Notice, is it probable that an Empire can rise without his Aid? — We have been assured, Sir, in the Sacred Writings, that except the Lord build the House, they labour in vain that build it.
Page 299 - ... in their persons nor shall their houses or goods be burnt or otherwise destroyed, nor their fields wasted by the armed force...
Page 619 - If it succeeds, I do not see why you might not in Europe carry the Project of good Henry the 4th into Execution, by forming a Federal Union and One Grand Republick of all its different States and Kingdoms, by means of a like Convention, for we had many Interests to reconcile.