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abolished abolition accede Adams Admiral admiralty Aegidi American vessels Armed Neutrality belligerent Berlin decree blockade Britain British capture of private cargo cents Cinque Ports colonies commerce commission contraband Convention corsaires courts crew cruise cruisers Declaration of Paris decree Doneaud Droit Dutch enemy England English privateers France Free Ships Free French privateer guerre Hist History hostile Ibid individual enmity International Law issued Jean Bart July June June 11 king land Lebeau letter of mark livres London Lord Louis Louis XVI marine maritime merchant Napoleon naval Order in Council Ordonnance Papers peace Peace of Paris Peace of Ryswick piracy plenipotentiaries plundered Political powers practice Price principle priva private adventurers private property Prize Law prizes property at sea provisions Prussia ransom regular navy reprisal royal navy Russian sailing says seizure sent Spain Spanish teers theory tion trade treaty United Vidari
Page 368 - And that the private property of the subjects or citizens of a belligerent on the high seas shall be exempted from seizure by public armed vessels of the other belligerent, except it be contraband.
Page 332 - States shall be, and he is hereby authorized to instruct the commanders of the public armed vessels which are, or which shall be employed in the service of the United States, to subdue, seize and take any armed French vessel, which shall be found within the jurisdictional limits of the United States...
Page 351 - Therefore, unless your prizes should be very valuable and near a friendly port, it will be imprudent and worse than useless to attempt to send them in...
Page 260 - This declaration, which appears to have been faithfully carried into effect, concurring with principles proclaimed and cherished by the United States from the first establishment of their independence, suggested the hope that the time had arrived when the proposal for adopting it as a permanent and invariable rule in all future maritime wars might meet the favorable consideration of the great European powers. Instructions have accordingly been given to our ministers with France, Russia, and Great...
Page 263 - Nevertheless, as civilization has advanced during the last centuries, so has likewise steadily advanced, especially in war on land, the distinction between the private individual belonging to a hostile country and the hostile country itself, with its men in arms. The principle has been more and more acknowledged that the unarmed citizen is to be spared in person, property, and honor as much as the exigencies of war will admit.
Page 361 - Convinced that the maxims which they now proclaim cannot but be received with gratitude by the whole world, the undersigned plenipotentiaries doubt not that the efforts of their governments to obtain the general adoption thereof will be crowned with full success. The present declaration is not and shall not be binding, except between those powers who have acceded, or shall accede, to it.