The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts
The Pyramid Texts are the oldest body of extant literature from ancient Egypt. First carved on the walls of the burial chambers in the pyramids of kings and queens of the Old Kingdom, they provide the earliest comprehensive view of the way in which the ancient Egyptians understood the structure of the universe, the role of the gods, and the fate of human beings after death. Their importance lies in their antiquity and in their endurance throughout the entire intellectual history of ancient Egypt. This volume contains the complete translation of the Pyramid Texts, including new texts recently discovered and published. It incorporates full restorations and readings indicated by post-Old Kingdom copies of the texts and is the first translation that presents the texts in the order in which they were meant to be read in each of the original sources.
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accept Horus’s eye Akhet antechamber Anubis Atum become akh become clean birth BOWLS bread bull burial chamber commend Cool Waters copy course of eternity Crown deceased’s Dual Ennead Duamutef Duat earth east wall Egyptian emerges and ascends Enclosure eye of Horus face falcon fetch fore Geb’s god’s goddess gods Greetings heart Heliopolis Horus identity II’s Imperishable Stars Imseti Isis jackal kare king king’s last stanza live lord Mafdet Marsh of Reeds Merenre’s Spell Meryre mouth natron Neferkare’s Neith’s Spell Nekhen Nemtiemzaf Merenre Nephthys north wall Nut’s Osiris Neith Osiris Pepi Neferkare Osiris Unis Osiris’s Pepi I’s Spell Pepi Nefer Pepi’s pulled open Pyramid Texts Qebehsenuef RECITATION initial direction says scent Seth Seth’s sky’s door sky’s two reedfloats snake Sokar south wall SPIRIT stand stanza Sun’s Tefnut Teti Teti’s Spell Thoth Unis’s Spell uraeus west wall Winding Canal