The Arms Trade and International Law
There are believed to be about 700 million small arms and light weapons (SALW) in the world, often contributing to highly destabilizing security and other concerns in international law. SALW are the primary source of violations and abuses of humanitarian and human rights principles by states, rebels, terrorists, and criminals. Many consider them the real weapons of mass destruction of our time, causing about half a million deaths annually. The unrestricted international transfer of SALW by states â?? 99 states and 1000 companies involved in manufacturing and supply â?? is one of the major contributory and aggravating factors of this crisis; another is the illicit traffic in small arms. This book deals with the proliferation of SALW and their unregulated trade and transfer across borders. It addresses questions of definition, manufacturing, trade/transfer, and issues relating to state responsibility. The primary focus is on conventional small arms, in particular military-style weapons. The book tackles the core and most divisive legal problem of whether or not the laws relating to arms control and relevant norms of international law provide substantive restrictions upon the transfer of small arms by states. In particular, this book carefully considers the application of the norms of international peace and security; non-intervention; humanitarian and human rights laws; and evolved relevant customary rules of arms control relating to these norms. Questions of application and enforcement of relevant rules and institutional responses to the problem are also examined. At this critical moment in time, where the United Nations has begun consideration of an arms treaty, this book will make a positive contribution towards shaping the debate. The Arms Trade and International Law will enhance understanding in an area where close analysis is required. This book was shortlisted for the 2008 Youn Authors Inner Temple Book Prize.
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adopted African ammunition Annex armed conflict Arms and Light Arms Control arms embargoes arms exports arms trade Article authorised breaches chapter China civilian Code of Conduct concerns considered Council countries customary Declaration definition Disarmament Doc Supp domestic Draft ECOWAS Convention emphasis added ensure respect firearms Geneva Conventions global governments guns human rights Ibid ICRC IHRL illegal Illicit Trade instruments inter alia international community international humanitarian law international law international peace issue Light Weapons Martens Clause military Moratorium NGOs Nicaragua non-intervention norms Note verbal NSAs obligations opinio juris organisations OSCE Oxford University Press Panel paragraph paras peace and security practice Preamble principles problem prohibition proliferation Protocol regime regional Regulation relevant Report Repts Resolution responsibility restrictions rule SALW transfers SC Res Secondly Small Arms Proliferation small arms transfer Taiwan territory threat tion Trade in Small transfers of small treaty United Nations