The Body as Material Culture: A Theoretical Osteoarchaeology
Bodies intrigue us. They promise windows into the past that other archaeological finds cannot by bringing us literally face to face with history. Yet 'the body' is also highly contested. Archaeological bodies are studied through two contrasting perspectives that sit on different sides of a disciplinary divide. On one hand lie science-based osteoarchaeological approaches. On the other lie understandings derived from recent developments in social theory that increasingly view the body as a social construction. Through a close examination of disciplinary practice, Joanna Sofaer highlights the tensions and possibilities offered by one particular kind of archaeological body, the human skeleton, with particular regard to the study of gender and age. Using a range of examples, she argues for reassessment of the role of the skeletal body in archaeological practice, and develops a theoretical framework for bioarchaeology based on the materiality and historicity of human remains.
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activities adult analysis approaches archae archaeological body archaeological contexts archaeological practice Archaeological Science artefacts associated becomes behaviour Benthien bioarchaeology biological body bodies and objects body as material body in archaeology boundaries Cambridge cultural construction dead body death dichotomy disciplinary discipline discourse distinction embodiment emphasis Ensay explore expression female focus gender archaeology human body human remains human skeleton ical identified implications individuals Ingold interpretative archaeology investigation Journal life-ways linked living body London male material culture material qualities means Meskell method methodological Molleson mortuary contexts nature and culture Neolithic notion ological ology osteoar osteoarchaeology and interpretative osteoarthritis osteological Outer Hebrides palaeopathology particular perspective Physical Anthropology physical body physiological plasticity potential processes Prout recognise regarded relationship Robb senescence sex and gender sexually dimorphic skeletal body social practices Sofaer Derevenski Sorensen specific stress tensions theoretical theory tion Toren understanding University Press