The charity of nations: humanitarian action in a calculating world
* Probes the reasons behind governmental and nongovernmental responses to urgent human need * Will be one of the most important and influential assessments of humanitarianism in a decade * Up-to-date field research, extensive interviews with practitioners and donor government officials, and over sixty collective years of work in humanitarian and development issues * Accessibly written for the concerned international public, undergraduate and graduate students, practitioners, and analysts troubled by the direction of today's humanitarian action The charitable impulse has a history rooted in ethics. But much of what passes for humanitarianism today is a commercial enterprise, manipulated by market forces of supply and demand. And since the launch of the "war on terror," national security interests and political objectives have increasingly come into play. The Charity of Nationsprobes the reasons behind governmental and nongovernmental responses to urgent human need. It explains why some crises get the lion's share of attention and resources, while others are essentially forgotten. Vibrantly contrasting cases of Afghanistan, East Timor, and Sierra Leone, among others, illustrate how foreign policy and domestic politics have shaped what has become the business of humanitarianism. The authors call for a revamped humanitarian structure--one that eliminates the ambiguities and confusion that exist today. They argue for a shift away from rampant political and commercial intrusions, and a rededication to multilateralism, genuine accountability, and trust.
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activities actors Afghan Afghanistan Africa aid agencies appeal assessments Australia bilateral Bosnia British budget capacity Chapter civil society civilian competition concerned conflict contributions coordination cost countries crisis delivery disasters donor agencies donor funding donor governments East Timor ECOMOG efforts evaluation food aid forces Freetown Fretilin front-line fundraising groups Haiti human rights humanitar humanitarian action humanitarian agencies humanitarian assistance humanitarian crises humanitarian enterprise humanitarian principles Ian Smillie ICRC IFRC independent Indonesia institutional interests international NGOs involved Iraq issue itarian Kabul Kosovo Larry Minear major mandate ment million multilateral NGOs OCHA official operations organizations Oxfam peace peacekeeping percent priorities problem projects received reconstruction Red Cross relief and development response role Rwanda sector Security Council Sierra Leone staff strategies Sudan Suharto Taliban Timorese tion troops U.S. government U.S. military UNAMSIL UNHCR UNICEF United Nations USAID World