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advantages and economies American Telephone Bell System CHAPTER combined telephone Commerce Commission competition distance efficient electrical communication electrical means equipment exchange expensive extend the service faot flat rate Frank Parsons graph Interstate Interstate Commerce Commission Jcint Literary Digest machinery manager means of communication ment metallic telephone cirouit method monopoly Moreover Morse cirouit Morse operator muoh necessary night service number of calls number of subscribers oall oapital oars oases Oity oould Ownership of Telephones patrons pcinted plant cost pole lines possible Postal Telegraph Companies Public Ownership public utility quadruplex telegraphy railroads railway rapid communication reaoh reasonable rate Regarding Government Ownership regulation Report rural secure station streets switchboard tele telegraph business Telegraph Company telegraph line telegraph messages telegraph office telegraph service telephone and telegraph telephone business telephone rates telephone service telephone systems telephone toll line Theodore Vail transmitted Western Union whioh Yale Law Journal York
Page 45 - Experience also has demonstrated that this "supervision" should stop at "control" and "regulation" and not "manage," "operate" nor dictate what the management or operation should be beyond the requirements of the greatest efficiency and economy. Management or operation requires intimate knowledge and experience which can only be gained by continuous, active and practical participation in actual working, while control or regulation can be intelligently exercised, after judicial hearing, by those who...
Page 52 - ... their military organization, have maintained a high spirit of ambition and emulation. But the Australian colonies seem to have secured simply humdrum management; honest, to be sure (and for this much we in the United States, to our shame, must pay our tribute of respect), but devoid of life and vigor. No democratic community, with the possible exception of Switzerland, has shown in its public industry a spirit of progress comparable to that of private industry.
Page 50 - If in addition to this they could control the thousands of men employed in the great public utility corporations, the political machines would have a power that could not be overthrown. I came to this country a believer in public ownership. What I have seen here, and I have studied the situation carefully, makes me realize that private ownership, under proper conditions, is far better for the citizens of American cities.
Page 41 - ... the Post Office Department should have control over all means of the communication of intelligence. The first telegraph line in this country was maintained and operated as a part of the postal service, and it is to be regretted that Congress saw fit to relinquish this facility to private enterprise. The monopolistic nature of the telegraph business makes it of vital importance to the people that it be conducted by unselfish interests, and this can be accomplished only through Government ownership.
Page 42 - If I were a business man and could be permitted to do it, I would undertake to run this government for $300,000,000 a year less than it is now run for.
Page 43 - ... the form of tolls, etc. And since these functions relate only to securing the maximum safety and convenience to individual enterprise and mobility, there is no incentive for individuals to undertake them because they have no interest in doing so. It may therefore be laid down as a general principle, that in proportion as social functions are complex, variable, and personal in their nature and interest, requiring instant decisions and expert skill, individual management is superior to state authority,...
Page 35 - ... system should be within reach of all. It is believed further, that this idea of universality can be broadened and applied to a universal wire system for the electrical transmission of intelligence (written or personal communication), from every one in every place to every one in every other place, a system as universal and as extensive as the highway system of the country which extends from every man's door to every other man's door.
Page 56 - Relation of the Federal Government to Industrial Combinations. Address before the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Feb.
Page 37 - But a public business must be regulated; rates should be as low as is consistent with good service and wages should be reasonable.
Page 54 - Domestic; issued by the Information Department of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. 5- Government and Private Telegraph and Telephone Utilities: An Analysis; issued by the Commercial Engineering Department of the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. 4» Annual Reports of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company for 1910, for 1912, and for 1913.