The Cost-effectiveness of On-the-job Training

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Rand Corporation, 1980 - Cost effectiveness - 13 pages
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During the past few years the military services have been concerned about the cost and effectiveness of their On-the-Job Training (OJT) programs. These concerns have arisen from the recognition that in certain types of work situations, most notably those that generate urgent pressures for production, requirements for OJT may conflict with production so that either production is degraded or, more likely, OJT is done poorly, if at all. To cope with such problems, some operating units have formalized OJT by setting up classes and laboratories on site to teach as much of the job as possible in a structured setting (formal OJT). Withdrawal of people and equipment from operating units to conduct this training has raised questions about the relative efficiencies of the conventional and formal approaches. To address problems such as these, the Air Force is directing a large program of OJT research both in- and out of-house. In this paper are discussed the concepts of effectiveness and cost as applied to OJT. These concepts are key to explorations of policy questions such as: Is an OJT program as productive as it should, or can, be? How can an OJT program be made more useful? Is the OJT program overly costly? Would it be less expensive to provide OJT in some way other than is now being done?

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