The cost of remedial education: how much Michigan pays when students fail to learn basic skills : estimates of the annual economic cost to businesses, colleges, and universities to counteract employees and students' lack of basic reading, writing, and arithmetic skills
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ReCalculating the Cost to Employers
The Best Estimate of the Economic Cost of Remediation
What Is to Be Done?
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$1 billion accessed on August acquired basic skills address the lack Annual Cost basic skills costs Basic Skills Mackinac Center for Public Central Michigan University college-level conservative estimate cost of remedial Department of Education developmental education direct expenditures dropouts Education in Michigan employers in Michigan enroll in remedial Estimate Strategy Fail to Learn February 29 Fordham Foundation full-time equivalent higher education institutions of higher Interview Katie Smith Kellogg Community College lack of basic lacking basic skills Learn Basic Skills leave high school literacy lost productivity math Michigan businesses Michigan community college Michigan Department Michigan employers Michigan Pays Michigan public high need for remedial Northwood University number of students Pays When Students possess basic skills post-secondary institutions produce a successful public high schools Public Policy public universities remedial courses remedial education skills in Michigan Skills Mackinac Center Students Fail students leave high successful graduate teaching true cost tuition University Dr