The Crisis of German Ideology: Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich

Grosset & Dunlap, 1964 - 373 pages
The unification of Germany in 1871 disappointed many Germans from the bourgeois and educated classes: it was seen as too materialistic, and they thought that the Germans failed to achieve inner, spiritual unity through the establishment of the Empire. This disappointment brought about the rise of the "völkisch" movement, which rejected modernity and stressed the unity of the Germans through the bond of German "blood and soil". The "völkisch" ideology acquired traits of a national religion, in which antisemitism was an important element. The stereotyped "rootless" and "soulless" Jew seemed to be the enemy of the "Volk". Gradually, "völkisch" antisemitism acquired a racist and mystical character. Dwells on the rightist conservative organizations and youth movements (e.g. the Pan-German Association, the Wandervögel) that belonged to the "völkisch" movement and shared its antisemitism. Nazism was a natural outgrowth of the this movement. Hitler transformed its anti-capitalism into antisemitism, radicalized the latter and made it into a political vehicle. The Nazi idea found its greatest support among the educated classes, just like the "völkisch" idea had had its appeal to them before 1914. Antisemitism was not transitory, but endemic to Nazism. Dwells, also, on another party that grew out of the "völkisch" movement - the Deutschnationale Volkspartei (1918-33), and on the transformation of its antisemitism.

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Avis d'utilisateur  - HarryMacDonald - LibraryThing

Not for the faint of heart, but essential for those who want a stronger historical mind and spirit. My caveat is simply based on the inevitable density and complexity of intellectial history, though ... Consulter l'avis complet

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