The Development of Metaphysics in Persia: A Contribution to the History of Muslim Philosophy

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Luzac & Company, 1908 - Metaphysics - 195 pages
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Page 117 - Remembering naught of his inorganic state so different; And when he passed from the vegetive to the animal state, He had no remembrance of his state as a plant, Except the inclination he felt to the world of plants, Especially at the time of spring and sweet flowers; Like the inclination of infants towards their mothers, Which knew not the cause of their inclination to the breast.
Page 117 - Drew man out of the animal in to the human state. Thus man passed from one order of nature to another. Till he became wise and knowing and strong as he is now.
Page viii - The butterfly imagination of the Persian flies, half inebriated as it were, from flower to flower and seems to be incapable of reviewing the garden as a whole. For this reason his deepest thoughts and emotions find expression in disconnected verses (ghazal) which reveal all the subtlety of his artistic soul (MP VIII).
Page 40 - The indeterminate matter, dead in itself, assumes or, more properly, is made to assume by the inner force of love, various forms and rises higher and higher in the scale of beauty The same force of 'natural' or 'constitutional' love is working in the life of beings higher than man.
Page 3 - ... case, the influence of Zoroastrian ideas and symbols on the imagery of classical Persian poetry (albeit sometimes in strange disguise) cannot be underrated. 94) Iqbal had studied Zarathustrian religion rather intensely, and has characterized the Persian prophet in the first paragraph of his thesis: The problem before him was to reconcile the existence of evil with the eternal goodness of God ... He seems to have perceived what the mystic shoemaker of Germany perceived long after him, that the...
Page 101 - It was, however, principally the actual life of the Christian hermit rather than his religious ideas, that exercised the greatest fascination over the minds of early Islamic saints...
Page 102 - ... of his station. Tidings have reached us that Valerian has been defeated, and is now in the hands of Sapor. The threats of Franks and Allemanni, of Goths and Persians, are alike terrible by turns to our degenerate Rome. In days like these, crowded with incessant calamities, the inducements to a life of contemplation are more than ever strong. Even my quiet existence seems now to grow somewhat sensible of the advance of years. Age alone I am unable to debar from my retirement. I am weary already...
Page 18 - ... forms a cornerstone of his work. In his thesis, Iqbal had written: In darkness — the feminine principle in Nature — were hidden the elements of evil which, in course of time, concentrated and resulted in the composition, so to speak, of the hideous looking devil, the principle of activity. Mani was the first to venture the suggestion that the universe is due to the Activity of the Devil, and hence essentially evil (MP 18). Here lies the first germ of ideas which Iqbal was to elaborate in...
Page 96 - Iqbal, however, repudiates the view put forward by the Orientalists, like Von Kremer, Dozy, Merx and Nicholson who trace the origin and development of Islamic mysticism to non-Muslim sources.
Page v - This little book is the first-fruit of that literary and philosophical training which I have been' receiving from you for the last ten years, and as an expression of gratitude I beg to dedicate it to your name. You have always judged me liberally ; I hope you will judge these pages in the same spirit.

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