The Duality Concept in Subject Analysis

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Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1953 - Subject headings - 82 pages
 

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Page 1 - Cataloging rules and principles; a critique of the ALA rules for entry and a proposed design for their revision. Prepared for the Board on Cataloging Policy and Research of the ALA Division of Cataloging and Classification. Washington, Processing Department, Library of Congress, 1953. ix, 65 p. CPU DH UPCPA 493. Code of cataloging rules : author and title entry.
Page 35 - It must now be recognized that this assumption is false — that there are many specific complex ideas which cannot be expressed in specific words or phrases plus non-topical subdivisions, but only as the specific product or relationship of two or more general terms. Since a large percentage of scientific articles or reports are on specific subjects, only in this latter sense, ie, as a specific complex of general ideas, the conclusion follows ineluctably that standard library subject heading practice...
Page 34 - Standard library practice assumes that, in general, it is possible to express any specific topic in a single word or phrase.
Page 29 - It may be that the ingenuity of man will eventually succeed in "educating" the electronic genie of the lamp to levels necessary for performing the complicated processes of subject analysis. It may be, also, "that here are latent forces that could revolutionize, not only traditional library and bibliographic operations, but the very pattern of scholarship itself.
Page 22 - Management, Machines, and the Bibliographic Problems of the Twentieth Century.
Page 32 - M., CD Gull, Irma S. Wachtel. Unit Terms in Coordinate Indexing. American Documentation 3:213. October 1952. which are common to all or a significant number of them. Finally, these numbers are copied and the accession catalog is consulted by accession number for the cards bearing the full bibliographic information. The process of judgment, suitability and selection may then begin. Proponents for the system indicate that the initial selection of accession numbers is not too onerous because of their...
Page 7 - Subject headings; principles and development. In: The subject analysis of library materials.
Page 9 - March 1949. bet) non-identical data but it does practically nothing to the end that similar or related data will be brought together. Carried to its full implication it renounces completely one of the fundamental purposes of subject cataloging, the twin of the duality concept concerned with giving the user some comprehensive view of sizable segments of a collection and bringing pertinent relationships into juxtaposition through a card catalog. This becomes doubly significant if, for large areas of...
Page 41 - It is a cause of never ending amazement to see how often investigations are undertaken without full knowledge of the existing state of knowledge in the field in question. All too often energy is dissipated or inefficiently directed because the individual investigator lacked knowledge of what has already been accomplished. It follows as a corollary that maximum advances in science are not achieved by investing larger and larger sums in research unless at the same time...
Page 7 - ... often long and involved. Instead of trying to re-orient the phrases in a complicated title, most cataloguers have found it the better part of wisdom to use the title as found on the report. SUBJECT CATALOGUING In general, the cardinal principles of subject cataloguing of conventional materials apply to technical reports; ie, the use of specific terms, allowance for the possibility of future expansion, and an indication of the relationships of many subjects. Further, it is axiomatic that the larger...

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