The Dynamics of Connection: How Evolution and Biology Create Caregiving and Attachment
The Dynamics of Connection: How Evolution and Biology Create Caregiving and Attachment describes the logic of giving, love, trust, and nurturance. Bowlby's theory of attachment provides an excellent starting point for an explanation of nurturance, but there are some limitations in this theory, especially its tendency to minimize the caregiving side of the relationship. The book builds on and extends Bowlby's theory by examining the evolutionary evidence for both attachment and caregiving, the origins of which can be seen in the earliest mammals. It describes neurobiological research that has identified the brain circuits that underlie caregiving and attachment. The book then describes a theory of relationships based on these neurobiological circuits and the resulting human desire to give and receive emotional contact, warmth, and support. The theory details the emotional logic of this relationship process. The proactive connection process (caregiving), characteristic of parents, involves a growing capacity for both empathy and responsibility. In the receptive process (attachment), trust grows from the experience of being cared for and nurtured. These processes coexist alongside other motivations with which they interact. The Dynamics of Connection introduces a view of the dyadic social psychology of connection that underlies both parent-child and close adult relationships. It provides a description and explanation of parental and adult nurturance. It gives a long-needed account of the origins of social norms of parenting. While building on the foundation of attachment theory, David Bell brings together new insights from both evolutionary theory and neurobiology to deepen our understanding of caregiving and attachment.
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The Riddle of Nurturance
Bowlbys Account of Attachment and Caregiving
The Evolution of Caregiving and Attachment
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action activated actor adult affectional bond Ainsworth alter amae amygdala assertion attachment and caregiving attachment behavioral control attachment bond Attachment in adults attachment researchers attachment system attachment theory behavioral control system beneﬁts Bowlby Bowlby’s Boy’s brain caregiving and attachment caregiving behavioral control caregiving bond caregiving motivation system caregiving set goal caregiving system caring emotion caudate nucleus Chapter child’s circuits cognitive commitment concept connection relationship connection theoretical system deﬁne deﬁnition depend described develop dopamine dyadic preference effect ego’s caregiving ego’s caring emotion of caring empathy evolution evolutionary experience fear system feel ﬁnd ﬁrst genes Girl’s human hypothalamus identiﬁed infant intemal working model interaction Japanese leam logic mammals meet alter’s needs metaphor mother natural selection neocortex neurobiological neurons one’s other’s oxytocin Panksepp parental nurturance partner person predators proximity psychological reptiles rewards role social norms speciﬁc stranger rejection tachment thalamus tion tivation trust vasopressin vasotocin York