The Elements of Morality: Including Polity, Volume 1

Front Cover
J. W. Parker, 1845 - Ethics
 

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Contents

Theories 10 The Reason Speculative
9
THE SPRINGs of HUMAN ACTION
10
The Understanding
11
The Intellect
12
Action
13
Intention
14
Will
15
Rules of Action
16
Love
29
Kinds of Love
30
Anger
31
Gratitude Resentment Malice
32
Man in Society
33
Intercourse of
34
Tend to Abstractions
35
Memory and Imagination
36
Means and Ends
37
Separation of Mental Desires Instincts
38
The Desire of Safety
39
Instinct of Selfpreservation
40
Desire of Security
41
Desire of Liberty
42
Men at Enmity
43
The Desire of Having
44
Things and Persons
45
Property is necessary
46
The Desire of Family Society
47
The Desire of Civil Society
48
Mental Desires include Affections
49
The Need of a Mutual Understanding 51 Promises are necessary
50
The Desire of Superiority
52
Desire of Equal Rules
53
The Desire of Knowledge
54
Rules with Reasons
57
THE RIGHTs of THE PERSON
64
Knowledge and Reason
68
Accessories 124 Duels 125 Punishment
71
Riot
72
THE RIGHTs of PROPERTY
74
Alienation 154 Succession 155 Delivery
88
Necessity
89
THE RIGHTs of CoNTRACT
90
Nude Pacts 160 Consideration
91
Duress
92
Contracts of Minors
93
Contracts void by Fraud 164 Formulae of Contracts 165 Nominate Contracts
94
Mutuum and Commodatum
95
Repairs and Expenses 168 Debt 169 Promissory Notes and Bills of Exchange 170 Bailment
96
Eviction
99
Institution of Marriage to be upheld 177 National Sentiment respecting Marriage
100
Rape and Seduction English Law 189 Inheritance
112
Promise of Marriage
113
Chains of Rules
117
The Reason Practical
127
OF VIRTUES AND DUTIES
129
Money
131
Property in Land
132
Real and Personal Property
133
The Speculative and Practical Reason 22 Development of Mind
134
Ryots Serfs Métayers Farmers
135
Feudal System
136
Its present influence
137
Quiritarian Ownership
138
Instincts 24 Springs of Action Motives
139
The Supreme Law must be positive 231 Conceptions to which it tends 232 Ideas of Benevolence Justice Truth Purity Order
140
Idea of Goodness
141
Title Conveyance Remedies
142
Trespass
143
Dominium Eminens
144
Public Property
145
Res Nullius
146
Incorporeal Property
147
Feudal Services
148
Animalia ferae naturae
149
Treasure Trove
151
Intellectual Virtues
156
Vanity Honour
163
DUTIES
169
The Sense of Duty 278 Duty is determined by social relations 279 Duty gives Moral Significance to Obligations 280 Classification of Duties
171
DUTIEs of THE AFFECTIONs
173
Special benevolent Affections are Duties 282 Gratitude is a Duty
175
Reverence for Superiors is a Duty
176
The Family
178
Jewish Marriage
179
Greek Marriage
180
Roman Marriage
181
English Marriage
182
Husband and Wife
183
Adultery
184
Rights over Children Roman
185
English
186
Rape and Seduction Roman
187
We are approved or condemned for our Affec tions 2 94 We can cultivate our Affections by thoughts of Duty
188
Testament Roman
190
Limited
191
English Forms of Marriage
200
Religious Ceremony of Marriage
201
Divorce in Roman
202
Divorce in English
203
Concubinage
206
The RIGHTs of GoverNMENT or St Ate Rights 117
207
National Government
208
The Supreme Authority
209
Constitution The Executive Function
210
The Judicial Function
211
Rebellion Treason
213
International
214
Government de Jure and de Facto
215
Legislative Body
216
Fact of Law and Idea of Justice to be brought together
217
The Moral Sentiments
218
Law is a means of Moral Education
219
Jural Discipline of the Romans
220
Influence of Justice on
221
Law leads to Morality
222
Other Classes of Rights The Right of Reputation
223
Defamation in Roman and English
224
WOL I
225
Conscience not an Ultimate Authority 369 May be erroneous
239
CASEs of CoNSCIENCE RESPECTING TRUTH
242
Interpretation of Promises 378 Erroneous Promises
244
Promises released by the Promisee 380 Unlawful Promises
245
but the Relative Duty is violated
247
Promises which become unlawful 383 Which Promisee does not think unlawful 384 Electors Promise 385 Promise to a Representative 386 Promise t...
251
Should the Promise be given 2
253
Falsehoods under Convention 395 To be carefully limited 396 Lie to conceal a Secret 397 Lie to preserve a Mans Life 398 Lies of Necessity
256
Heroic Lies 400 Advocates Assertions
257
The unlawful Promise of Marriage 406 Implied Promise of Marriage
264
OF CASEs of NECESSITY
265
408 First to ones Self 409 Necessity to be rigorously understood 410 Constraint is not Necessity 411 Fear of certain Death is Necessity 412 Necessity ...
268
Trusts
272
Death is an event in Mans moral being 418 Necessity has no
273
Case of Necessity from Danger to others 420 Such Cases of Necessity are not to be defined 421 Conflicts of Duties to be decided by regard to Moral ...
275
Strong Moral Principles decide such Conflicts 423 IHeroic Acts 424 Resistance to Government
278
OF THINGS ALLowABLE
279
Is not lightly to be extended 427 Some things are Indifferent 428 But many of these only at first sight 429 The selection is to be directed by Moral C...
283
Hence Acts are a Discipline 432 Mortification Askesis 433 Not ascetic but spontaneous Virtue is required 434 Discipline of the Intellect
286
Advocates Profession to be Moral 402 Sellers Concealments 403 The Alexandrian Merchant
290
May be unavoidable
291
but care is needed 441 Their consequences to be redressed 442 If they arise from Negligence are defects 443 But they may palliate actions 444 Ignor...
293
By unfolding conceptions of Virtues
295
By unfolding the notion of doing Good
296
By acts of Duty
297
We have never done all that is possible
298
Our Moral Culture is a Duty
299
Our Moral Progress never terminates
300
It is our Duty to cultivate Gratitude
303
The greatest interruptions are the greatest transgressions
304
The Duty of Moral Culture adds to other Duties
305
Moral Perfection is our greatest Good
306
THE STATE
309
JUSTICE
316
Individual Thought is a part of Moral Edu
319
Equity
328
DuTIEs of ORDER 210
329
The Praetors power did not disregard the Law 500 Equity not properly defined as abating the rigour of the Law 501 Equity does supply some defect...
331
In equalijure melior est conditio possidentis 506 Qui sentit onus sentire debet et commodum 507 Other Maxims
334
The Natural Rights of
335
Whether all men are born equal 510 All men are moral beings
336
Not Superseded by right Intention
337
The Duty of acting rationally
338
The Duty of acting according to Rule
339
The Duty of Wisdom
340
Conceptions to be defined
341
The Duty of Intellectual Culture
342
Especially for Legislators
343
And Educators
344
Slavery ancient and modern 521 Definitions of Slavery 522 It is contrary to Morality 523 May be excusable in early stages of progress 524 Is conde...
345
Of ourselves and others
346
Such progress is possible
347
Can never terminate
348
Transgression
349
Temptation
350
Resistance
351
Degrees of Guilt
352
Measure of Guilt
353
Interruption of Moral Progress
354
Repentance
355
Amendment
356
Not necessarily sufficient
357
Amendment must be immediate
358
OF CONSCIENCE 234
360
Conscience the
361
Conscience the Witness
362
Conscience the Punisher
363
To act against Conscience is wrong
364
Is to act according to Conscience always right 2
366
Aid of Religion needed
367
MoRAL EDUCATION
369

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