The Ethics of Development: From Economism to Human Development
A self-contained introduction to the field of ethics and development for students, practitioners and the general reader.The Ethics of Development asks what is good 'development', of societies and for people. It looks at how equating development with economic growth has been challenged, examining whom that growth benefits or harms and which aspects of life it values or excludes and can favour or damage. It goes on to explore an alternative conception - that of 'human development', meaning achievement with respect to a wider range of values and the advancement of people's freedom to achieve well-reasoned values. The book synthesises ideas from philosophy, economics and social theory, building in particular on the work of Len Doyal, Ian Gough, Martha Nussbaum and Amartya Sen. Dealing carefully and sympathetically with a range of viewpoints, it elucidates complex issues with the help of historical and contemporary examples. It caters especially to students in development studies, anthropology, economics, philosophy, political science and social policy.Key Features:*Provides case studies on famine, health and drugs supply, colonialism, land alienation and land reform, international debt, structural adjustment and civil war*Places emphasis on probing and clarifying the meanings and uses of key concepts including 'development', 'efficiency', 'effectiveness', 'equity', 'violence', 'needs', 'freedom', 'choices', 'culture' and 'community'*Includes easy-to-grasp tables and figures, discussion questions and suggestions for further reading
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The Meaning of Development
a human and physical context
9 other sections not shown
accept Alkire alternative Amartya Amartya Sen analysis areas argues aspects basic human basic needs benefits capability approach Chapter choices claims communitarian concept of development concern consider consumer sovereignty cost-benefit analysis costs criteria criterion cultural relativism culture Dasgupta debt definitions of development development ethics discussion distribution Doyal economic efficiency economic growth economists effects equality equity evaluation example freedom fulfilment Gasper global Gough Goulet groups HDRs Homo economicus Human Development Reports human needs human rights Ian Gough ibid ideas important improvement individuals issues levels look major Manfred Max-Neef Martha Nussbaum means measure ment mode monetised moral needs theory normative Nussbaum objectives Pareto-efficient Partha Dasgupta people's persons political position poverty practice principle priority programme reference Rwanda Sen's social society specific tion Toposa types UNDP universal usage utilitarianism values violence wants WCCD welfare well-being women Zimbabwe