The evolution of human life history
School of American Research, 2006 - Literary Collections - 505 pages
Human beings may share 98 percent of their genetic makeup with their nonhuman primate cousins, but they have distinctive life histories. When and why did these uniquely human patterns evolve? To answer that question, this volume brings together specialists in hunter-gatherer behavioral ecology and demography, human growth, development, and nutrition, paleodemography, human paleontology, primatology, and the genomics of aging. The contributors identify and explain the peculiar features of human life histories, such as the rate and timing of processes that directly influence survival and reproduction. Drawing on new evidence from paleoanthropology, they question existing arguments that link human's extended childhood dependency and long 'post-reproductive'lives to brain development, learning, and distinctively human social structures. The volume reviews alternative explanations for the distinctiveness of human life history and incorporates multiple lines of evidence in order to test them.
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adolescent adult lifespan adult mortality afarensis age at maturity American Journal apes australopiths behavior Biology birth Blurton Jones body mass Bogin boisei brain growth Breastfeeding Cambridge chapter Charnov childhood chimpanzees correlated death demographic dental development developmental Ecology edited endocranial volume ergaster eruption estimate evidence evolution of human Evolutionary expectancy feeding female figure foraging fossil hominin fossil record Grandmother Grandmother hypothesis habilis Hadza Harvey Hawkes history theory hominin hominin taxa Homo Homo erectus Human Evolution human life history hunter-gatherers hypothesis increase Indian Knoll infant intervals Journal of Human Journal of Physical juvenile period Konigsberg lactation longevity male mammalian mammals maternal milk modern humans molar mothers Neanderthals Nutrition O'Connell offspring older orangutans paleodemographic pattern percent Physical Anthropology Pleistocene populations primates reproduction Research Robson sample sapiens Schaik senescence skeletal species specimen stage studies taxa taxon taxonomy teeth Terry Collection tion University Press Upper Paleolithic variables variation weight