The First Book of Information Science
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Office of Information Services, 1973 - Information science - 91 pages
What is information? Storing and retrieving information; Putting information into a computer; Getting information from a computer; Communicating information; Finding information in microfilm; The future of information science.
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American applications automatic binary called catalog characters citation combination communication concerned consists contains controlled convert coordinate cost created described determine developed devices document effect example field Figure format given human important increase index language information science input interest involved ı ı ı kind KWIC language Library light limited machine magnetic tape manual match materials means mechanical ment methods microfilm natural objective operation Optical Character Recognition organization output particular performance picture position possible printed problems processing produce published punched query question record References relationship relevant representation represented result retrieval retrieval system selected specific storage stored Technology telephone terminals time-sharing tion translation unit vocabulary
Page 16 - ... of information, the forces governing the flow of information, and the means of processing information for optimum accessibility and usability. The processes include the origination, dissemination, collection, organization, storage, retrieval, interpretation, and use of information. The field is derived from or related to mathematics, logic, linguistics, psychology, computer technology, operations research, the graphic arts, communications, library science, management, and some other fields.
Page 23 - Introduction to the ADI Annual Review. " In: Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, Vol. 1. Carlos A. Cuadra, ed. , New York, Interscience, 1966. pp. 1-14. 5. Borko, Harold. "Information Science: What Is It?", American Documentation, 18:3-5, January 1968.
Page 15 - Documentation has been called "librarianship in high gear" and "the group of techniques necessary for the ordered presentation, organization, and communication of recorded (specialized) knowledge in order to give maximum accessibility and utility to the information contained.
Page 15 - Information science is that discipline that investigates the properties and behavior of information, the forces governing the flow of information, and the means of processing information for optimum accessibility and usability.
Page 43 - Copyrights to consider revision of our domestic copyright law, and am now a member of the Committee on Scientific and Technical Information (COSATI) of the Federal Council for Science and Technology and Chairman of the COSATI sub-panel on rights of access to computerized information systems.
Page 79 - References of high degree of relevance, the lack of which either would have made the research impracticable or would have resulted in a considerable amount of extra work.
Page 97 - A check hole is used as part of the checking system to ensure that each character is recorded correctly. A commonly used method is the odd-parity check which requires that each column of the tape must be punched with an odd number of holes. This means that a check hole must be present in any column whose basic code consists of an even number of holes. A variety of automatic tape producing typewriters are available.