The Five-factor Model of Personality: Theoretical Perspectives
Jerry S. Wiggins
Guilford Press, Mar 15, 1996 - Psychology - 216 pages
Since the 1980s, personality psychologists from a variety of perspectives have found the five-factor model to be an effective framework for identifying and structuring personality attributes. Measuring individual differences in terms of degrees of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience, the model provides a common language for the field of personality psychology while at the same time supporting widely divergent approaches. The volume opens with a historical overview of more than 60 years of research on the classification of personality traits. Subsequent chapters focus on theoretical questions that have guided the construction of the model, weigh the value and applicability of each of the five dimensions, and use the five-factor model as a point of departure for discussing broader issues concerning the development and dynamics of personality. From the perspectives of the lexical approach, trait theory, interpersonal theory, socioanalytic theory, and evolutionary psychology, contributing authors explore such cogent issues as: the differences between the five-factor model and other multidimensional approaches to personality structure; whether the dimensions of the five-factor model are replicable across different cultures and languages; what the five-factor model adds to our understanding of human nature; the accuracy of self-reports, and descriptions of others, in trait measurement; and how each of the five factors comes into play in specific social contexts, such as mate attraction and coalition building.
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adjectives agency and communion Agreeableness ality Allport American Psychological Association anxiety Big Five factor Big Five model Cattell Chapter circumplex cognitive concepts Conscientiousness context correlations Costa & McCrae cultures D. M. Buss Digman empirical evaluation evolutionary psychological evolutionary psychology exchange Extraversion Eysenck facets factor analysis factor structure five-factor model Goldberg Guilford Harry Stack Sullivan Hogan important individual differences interaction interpersonal behavior interpersonal circumplex Journal of Personality lexical perspective mate McAdams McCrae & Costa measurement model of personality motivation natural language Neuroticism nouns Openness to Experience patterns Personality and Social personality assessment personality disorders Personality Inventory personality psychology personality research personality theories personality traits phenotypic Press Psychol Questionnaire replicability reproductive role Saucier scales selection self-report Social Psychology socioanalytic theory status strategic interference Sullivan Surgency taxonomy Tellegen theoretical theory of personality tion trait theory Trapnell University variables Wiggins York