The function of ornament
Architecture needs mechanisms that allow it to become connected to culture. It achieves this by continually capturing the forces that shape society as material to work with. Architecture's materiality is therefore a composite one, made up of visible forces (structural, functional, physical) as well as invisible forces (cultural, political, temporal). Architecture progresses through new concepts that connect with these forces, manifesting itself in new aesthetic compositions and affects. Ornament is the by-product of this process, through which architectural material is organized to transmit unique affects. This book is a graphic guide to ornaments in the twentieth century. It unveils the function of ornament as the agent for specific affects, dismantling the idea that ornament is applied to buildings as a discrete or non-essential entity. Each case operates through greater or lesser depth to exploit specific synergies between the exterior and the interior, constructing an internal order between ornament and material. These internal orders produce expressions that are contemporary, yet whose affects are resilient in time.
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aggregated alternating pattern architecture banded brackets building expressions Capsule Hotel capsules cavity Christian Dior color composite concealed concrete construction culture Denise Scott Brown Department Store depth diagrid diaphragms differentiated affect dimension DOO DOO DOO DOOC DOOC DOOC embossings embroidered affect enclosure envelope exterior Farshid Moussavi floor plates fluted foliate decoration frame frontal glass louvers glass panels glazing height horizontal I-beams infill interior JOOO JOOO JOOO lattice Louis Vuitton Marina City Mashrabiya material metal panels moired mullions oblique ooo ooo ooo oooc oooc oooc oooo oooo oooo ooooc ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooooc ooooooc ooooooc ooooooo ooooooo ooooooo Ornament Ornament and Crime outer layer Pavilion perimeter pixelated pleated Polycarbonate panel Postmodernism prioritize produce pyrex quilted rain screen Ricola Robert Venturi scale silkscreened spiral affect Structural column structural grid surface textured affect tiles tower translucent transparency undulated unit type varying vertical visible visual wall window