The Future of South America

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Little, Brown, and Company, 1915 - South America - 407 pages
 

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Page 18 - ... while the range between the mean of 82' for the hottest month, August, and the mean of 71 for the coldest month, January, is only 11. The highest recorded maximum temperature of 100.6 is not higher than that of Northern cities of the United States. The heat is tempered by the trade winds, which blow from the northeast with but little variation throughout the year; the uncomfortable part of the day is the early morning hours before the breeze has sprung up. Nights are cool, both in winter...
Page 238 - ... hides and skins of all kinds, and the valuable quebracho wood and its extract. Sugar, cotton, tobacco, and grapes are largely grown, but mostly for home consumption. The mountains contain rich deposits of silver, copper, and gold, which are as yet exploited to a limited extent only. HISTORICAL SKETCH. The Spanish navigator, JUAN DE SOLIS, in search of a passage to the Pacific Ocean, was the first European to explore the Rio de la Plata, in the year 1508 and again in 1515. SEBASTIAN CABOT subsequently...
Page 279 - Constitution and Government. — The constitution of Uruguay was promulgated on July 18, 1830, and, with some slight amendments, is still in force. The Senate and House of Representatives compose the .general assembly, in which all legislative power is vested, and meet annually from February 15 to June 15. Representatives, the number of whom varies with the population, are elected directly by popular vote, in the proportion of I for every 3,000 inhabitants, or fraction exceeding 2,000, and for a...
Page 280 - ... July 18, 1830, and, with some slight amendments, is still in force. Every citizen over 20 years of age, who is physically and mentally able to do so, is entitled to vote. A permanent committee, composed of two Senators and five Representatives, represents the Congress during recess, whose duty it is to assist and advise the President on all matters legislative, and to act for the General Assembly. The President is chosen by the General Assembly for a term of four years and may not be reelected...
Page 278 - Luis are all navigable short distances for ocean-going vessels and for small craft into the interior of the country. The only lake of any importance is Lake Merim, situated on the border of Brazil, on which a regular line of steamers maintains communication with the different towns along its shores.
Page 308 - ... internal commerce, but with the great purpose of bringing the products of a contributing interior territory to the nearest seaport and of distributing to this interior the merchandise brought in from abroad. On the Atlantic coast, Recife (Pernambuco) is the focus of one system, Sao Salvador...
Page 56 - The gutters are open, pools of stagnant and fetid water obstruct the streets everywhere, and receive constantly accessions from the inhabitants using them as cesspools and sewers. There are few good buildings in town and none in the country, the torch of the incendiary having been applied at short intervals, and no encouragement is offered to rebuild, either through protection of the government or local enterprise. It is also as true of Port au Prince as of Cape Haitien, that buildings destroyed...
Page 190 - But of all the parts of South America that we visited, southern Chile stands out to me as the land where one would choose to make a home.
Page 237 - The Argentine Republic is one of the five American Republics which have adopted the Federal Union of States as its form of government, the others being the United States of America, the United States of Brazil, the United Mexican States, and the United States of Venezuela. All the other American Republics have a unitary or centralized form of government. The constitution...
Page 144 - The best grades of cotton are grown near Piura and shipped from Paita, the high quality being attributable to the peculiarities of soil and climate for which this narrow belt of coast land is noted.

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