The History of Probation: Politics, Power and Cultural Change 1876-2005
This book tells the story of probation from its religious beginnings in 1876 and legislative footing in 1907, through to the present day. The substantive chapters of the book cover the period 1979-2004 and explore probation by alluding to crime; imprisonment; politics and power; increasing central control and bureaucracy; criminology; and penal and social policy. Written by authors who have spent many years within the probation service, and therefore been involved in events they describe, the book provides a unique insight into probation over the last 25 years. It will be of great interest to serving probation and prison staff and will be a resource for trainee probation officers, and also be helpful to students of criminal justice, penal and social policy in colleges and universities. It will, in fact, appeal to all those who want a deeper understanding of the recent changes in probation. The book has been written to coincide with the approaching centenary of probation in 2007, and it challenges certain political initiatives over recent years that have culminated in the demise of the probation ideal.
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ACOP addition alternatives to custody approach area services argued Association Audit Commission borstal cash limits central centre chapter Chief Officers Chief Probation Officers civil servants commitment community sentences community service concerns Consequently Conservative context created crime Criminal Justice Act criminal justice system culture custodial sentences debate Departmental Committee document Douglas Hurd effective efficiency emerged Furthermore Garland Green Paper Home Office Home Secretary important individual influence issues John Patten Justice Act 1991 Labour law and order Leeds Castle legislation magistrates managerial Martin Narey McWilliams Michael Howard Minister NAPO National Probation Service National Standards NOMS organisation penal policy performance indicators period political priorities prison population probation areas probation committee probation ideal probation order probation practice probation system problems programmes promote punishment reform rehabilitation responsibility role SNOP staff structure supervision targets Teesside Thatcher theme welfare Whilst Whitehead and Thompson Windlesham