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accom amended in 1879 annual value annum Artizans bear taxation Bethnal Green blocks Borough Councils building enterprise building purposes burden causes of overcrowding census Central Authority central districts centres charge cheap and rapid clearance of insanitary Cottages Cross's Acts crowded duction Dwellings Company End New Town evils greater ground rent Holborn housing accommodation housing difficulty housing purposes housing schemes improvement increase the supply inner districts insanitary areas labouring large number levying local taxation Limehouse London County Council ments Mile End Millbank modation Model Lodging-Houses municipal action number of persons number of workers occupied Old Artillery Ground outlying districts overcrowded tenements Poplar Public Health Act purchase rateable value rates and taxes reform remedy rooms Royal Commission Shoreditch site value site-values Southwark Spitalfields structure suburban and outlying supply of dwellings supply of house-room system of levying Tenement Dwellings tion Torrens's Acts tramway vacant land value of land vestries and district workmen's trains
Page 44 - If the railways are to be utilized for the benefit of the poorer wage-earning classes, two conditions must be satisfied — First, the fares must not exceed the difference between the rent of their homes in the over-crowded districts which ought to be relieved, and the lower rents in the suburbs ; secondly, the Companies must provide carriages at these reduced fares which will bring the people to and from their work at convenient hours.
Page 26 - Council. Secondly other provisions in part II empower the Council and the metropolitan borough councils either in conjunction or separately, to undertake schemes for the re-arrangement and reconstruction of insanitary areas which are too small to be of general importance to the whole county. It would appear that such schemes were primarily intended to deal with areas which had been cleared by the demolition of insanitary houses but they are also used to improve small collections of houses where the...
Page 26 - ... improvement of areas which are too small to be of general importance to the whole county. In any such scheme it is not essential that dwelling accommodation for the persons displaced should be provided. By section 38 the borough councils also have power to purchase and demolish obstructive buildings, ie, buildings which, by reason of their proximity to or contact with other buildings stop ventilation or prevent measures being carried out to remedy nuisance in respect of such other buildings.
Page 26 - Part II., by sections 32, 33, and 34, enables the borough councils to take proceedings before a magistrate for the closing and demolition of single houses which are unfit for human habitation. Sections 39 and 46 enable the borough councils and the County Council, either in conjunction...
Page 21 - The first witness who was examined, Lord Shaftesbury, expressed the opinion more than once, as the result of nearly sixty years' experience, that however great the improvement of the condition of the poor in London has been in other respects, the overcrowding has become more serious than it ever was.
Page 44 - In examining the causes of overcrowding in the centre of the metropolis, it was shown that the majority of the poor labouring population were under compulsion to live within reach of their work, and that those parts of the town and the suburbs in which there was no pressure were out of the question as places of residence for this class, because they were not within a walk of their employment. Again, the earnings of the class in question were shown to be at a rate that left no margin for the extra...
Page 23 - English report to the effect that "to nearly every proposal for improving the dwellings of the working classes, the present incidence of local taxation stand seriously in the way of all progress and reform.
Page 17 - Commission was appointed to inquire into the housing of the working classes, and six years later the comprehensive Housing of the Working Classes Act was passed.
Page 66 - The taxes levied on the premises (at the rate of 25 per cent.) are ^250 per annum, or about 30 per cent. on the annual value of the site. Compare this with the case of a small house in an outer district. The rent is ^30 per annum. The structure represents an annual value of ^25. The site value as paid in ground rent is ^5. The taxes at the same rate on the house are £j I03., or 150 per cent.