The Human Factor: Biomedicine in the Manned Space Program to 1980

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Scientific and Technical Information Branch, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1985 - Space biology - 389 pages

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Page 258 - or electromagnetic radiation capable of producing ions, directly or indirectly, in its passage through matter. Alpha and beta particles produce ion pairs directly, while gamma rays and x-rays liberate electrons as they traverse matter, which in turn produce ionization in their paths.
Page 254 - that provides for the maintenance of life in an isolated living chamber through complete reutilization of the material available, in particular, by means of a cycle wherein exhaled carbon dioxide, urine, and other waste matter are converted chemically or by photosynthesis into oxygen, water, and food. CLOSED
Page 295 - 2. X-rays: chest, large intestine, sinuses, spine, stomach, esophagus, teeth and heart. Moving pictures were taken of the heart to determine any artery calcification. 3. Eyes: history, dilation, visual fields, tonometry (measure of inner pressure on the eyes), slit lamp, dynamic visual acuity, depth perception, night vision, and photography of conjunctival vessel (eye membrane) and retina.
Page 295 - into a tub of ice water. Pulse and blood pressure measured before and during test. 5. Tilt table: Subject lays on steeply inclined table for 25 minutes to measure ability of the heart to compensate for body in an unusual position for an extended
Page 296 - 8. Acceleration: Subject is placed in a centrifuge with his seat inclined at various angles to measure his ability to withstand multiple gravity forces. 9. Heat: Subject spends 2 hours in a chamber with the temperature at 130 F
Page 296 - partial pressure suit. Test lasts 1 hour. Measure of efficiency of heart system and breathing at low ambient pressures. 7. Isolation: Subject goes into a dark, soundproof room for 3 hours to determine his ability to adapt to unusual circumstances and to cope with the absence of external stimuli. 8. Acceleration: Subject is placed in a centrifuge with
Page 296 - 2. To determine intelligence and special aptitudes: Wechsler adult scale; Miller analogies; Raven matrices; Doppelt mathematical reasoning test; engineering analogies; mechanical comprehension; officer qualification test; aviation qualification test; space memory; spatial orientation; hidden figures perception; spatial visualization, and peer ratings.
Page 256 - condition of the body resulting from the existence of a pressure differential between the total ambient pressure and the total pressure of dissolved and free gases within the body tissues, fluids, and cavities. See
Page 296 - 6. Partial pressure suit: Subject is taken in pressure chamber to a simulated altitude of 65,000 feet in an MCI partial pressure suit. Test lasts 1 hour. Measure of efficiency of heart system and breathing at low ambient pressures.
Page 296 - 1. To determine personality and motivation: Interviews; Rorschach (ink blot); apperception (tell stories suggested by pictures); draw-a-person; sentence completion; self-inventory based on 566-item questionnaire; officer effectiveness inventory; personal preference schedule based on 225 pairs of self-descriptive statements; personal inventory based on 20 pairs of self-descriptive statements; preference evaluation based on 52 statements; determination of authoritarian attitudes, and interpretation...

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