The Impact of Legislation, Enforcement, and Sanctions on Safety Belt Use
Transportation Research Board, Jan 30, 2008 - Transportation - 68 pages
This report summarizes the effectiveness of mandatory approaches to increase safety belt usage. The report will be of particular interest to safety practitioners with responsibility for developing and implementing safety belt usage programs. It focuses on the impact of legislation, enforcement, and sanctions in increasing safety belt usage. It finds strong and consistent evidence of past and current legislative and enforcement efforts, as well as consistent evidence suggesting the importance of sanctions.
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Chapter 1 Background
Impact Based on Study Results Regarding Upgrades
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13 points 2-5 injuries Abbreviated Injury Scale Amarillo Annual Change Cumulative associated average awareness of enforcement bar patrons Blincoe blitz buckle BUIYT capita Change Cumulative Change checkpoints CIOT program citation rate crash victims drinking drivers earned media effect Elmira enforcement efforts enforcement programs estimated FARS rate Galesburg Haywood County high-risk Highway Traffic Safety impact included increase SBU increases in observed increases in usage initial intensity jurisdictions late-night levels ment million Moncton motorists National Highway National Highway Traffic NHTSA nighttime enforcement nighttime usage nonuse North Carolina observed usage Operation ABC paid media penalty points percentage points pickup truck potentially fatal crashes Preusser primary law upgrades regional reported Research residents safety belt enforcement safety belt laws sanctions SBU laws secondary law statewide studies surveys sustained tckt Traffic Safety Administration type and seating UPFC usage among crash usage increased usage rates vehicle type Wichita Falls