The influence of the Crusades upon the arts and literature of Europe, a prize essay [by F. Oakeley].

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Page 6 - which inflamed the passions, and transformed the characters of men, too powerfully to admit of a relapse into apathy and its attendant ignorance. In assuming that the influence of the Crusades upon the Arts and Literature of Europe
Page 1 - we owe the first gleams of light which tended to dispel
Page 15 - the classic treasures of Constantinople, it was only to calculate the vastness of their booty, and to collect fury for the attack. The Crusaders, moreover, visited the East under the strongest of prejudices—those of religious hatred ; and hence to them, as to the Greek of old, difference of climate and opinion alone seemed to constitute barbarism. Lastly, the
Page 6 - has been made to remote and accidental, rather than to immediate, consequences. Effects, the slowest in progress, are often the surest in operation ; especially when differing wholly in character from the cause with which they are connected. The Crusades, from their nature, could only have occasioned a revolution in the intellectual state of Europe by introducing a preparatory change of feelings and habits. Their influence, therefore,
Page 7 - its age. But the intimations of history confirm the suggestions of antecedent probability in warranting the assertion, that the Crusades were not so much a cause of actual knowledge, introduced
Page 13 - to poetic incident. Yet, even in this point, (the only one in which the character of the Crusades was obviously connected with literature,) we have no reason to believe that they exercised immediately more than an auxiliary influence. Closely interwoven with the history of the Crusades, and such, indeed, as in estimating their effects
Page 29 - But here, as elsewhere, we must recur to the distinction so often made between the immediate and the remote consequences of the Crusades. The ecclesiastical power eventually sank under its own weight ; and the Crusades were among those causes which contributed to weaken the foundations of the structure, by adding to its encumbrances.
Page 25 - in fact only the indirect results of those expeditions through the medium of increasing Industry and Commerce. If, however, to the discoveries already enumerated we add the composition of gunpowder, each higher department of active life, the commercial, the literary, and the military, will appear furnished, soon after the Crusades, with its own peculiar instrumental art.
Page 13 - justify our argument. We know from history that Minstrels formed an important part of the Crusade retinue ; and thus was accomplished a more than imaginary union between the exploits of the Warrior and the conceptions of the Poet. Hence, to the latest posterity, the recollection of the Crusades always summoned up a train of associations highly
Page 17 - with the East ; and that the energies aroused by the Crusades were not wasted in the exclusive cultivation of Arabian literature. For it was, after all, by ingenuity and quickness of invention, (so peculiarly national, as to be scarcely, under any circumstances, communicable to minds of a colder temperament,) rather than by any substantial acquirements of

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