The Labor Problem and the Social Catholic Movement in France: A Study in the History of Social Politics

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Macmillan, 1921 - Catholic Church - 473 pages

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Page 160 - The ancient workmen's guilds were destroyed in the last century, and no other organization took their place. Public institutions and the laws have repudiated the ancient religion. Hence by degrees it has come to pass that workingmen have been given over, isolated and defenseless, to the callousness of employers and the greed of unrestrained competition.
Page 159 - But all agree, and there can be no question whatever, that some remedy must be found, and quickly found, for the misery and wretchedness which press so heavily at this moment on the large majority of the very poor.
Page 160 - ... a small number of very rich men have been able to lay upon the masses of the poor a yoke little better than slavery itself.
Page 160 - Socialists, working on the poor man's envy of the rich, endeavor to destroy private property, and maintain that individual possessions should become the common property of all, to be administered by the State or by municipal bodies.
Page 161 - Man should not consider his outward possessions as his own, but as common to all, so as to share them without difficulty when others are in need.
Page 427 - This, then, is the teaching of the Catholic Church concerning the constitution and government of the State. By the words and decrees just cited, if judged dispassionately, no one of the several forms of government...
Page 161 - And the more that is done for the working population by the general laws of the country, the less need will there be to seek for particular means to relieve them.
Page 162 - All such societies, being free to exist, have the further right to adopt such rules and organization as may best conduce to the attainment of their objects. We do not deem it possible to enter into definite details on the subject of organization, this must depend on national character, on practice and experience, on the nature and scope of the work to be done, on the magnitude of the various trades and employments, and on other circumstances of fact and of time — all of which must be carefully...
Page 162 - If it should happen that either a master or a workman deemed himself injured, nothing would be more desirable than that there should be a committee composed of honest and capable men of the Association itself, whose duty it should be, by the laws of the Association, to decide the dispute.
Page 388 - De la Liberté du Travail, ou simple exposé des conditions dans lesquelles les forces humaines s'exercent avec le plus de puissance ; Paris, 1845,3 vol.

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