The Lords of the Night and the Tonalamatl of the Codex Borbonicus

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G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1900 - Codex Borbonicus - 154 pages
 

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Page 150 - Boturini" says that the nine Companions of the Night did not enter the five intercalary days of the year, and gives as a possible reason for this that otherwise the same Lord of the Night would not accompany the first day of the following year. Gallatin " says : " As the number ' nine ' is not a factor of 260, the first day of the thirteenth [he means the fourteenth] month,, which is the 26ist day of the year, was distinguished from it by the sign of nine, and in the same manner every day of the...
Page 151 - Léon y Gama and Gallatin are both wrong, and that instead of counting the Lords in continuous order from one Tonalamatl to the other, the Indians began again with each new Tonalamatl and let the day I Cipactli be accompanied in each case by the first Lord, Xiuhtecuhtli. In other words, at the end of each Tonalamatl they neglected the Lord which was left over and began again with the first Lord. If this ISO AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST [N.
Page 147 - Lords oí the Night. Dr Hamy, in his admirable commentary, tells us that this manuscript has been in the library of the Palais Bourbon for over seventy years, but that its origin is unknown. This is unfortunate, since, if its authority is beyond question, we shall be obliged to change in some respects our ideas about the Tonalamatl and the Lords of the Night. The Tonalamatl of the Codex Borbonicus wants its first two pages containing the first two trecenas.
Page 147 - Ci- . j' pactli, or whether the Tonalamatl was really the kernel of the year and like the kernel of a nut occupied its center with fifty-two days preceding it and fifty-three days following it, no one as yet has been able to decide. But the publication of the Codex Borbonicus, recently issued by Ernest Leroux at the expense of the...
Page 147 - The position which the Tonalamatl holds in the solar year has for a long time been a matter of doubt. Whether the beginning of the Tonalamatl was coincident with that of the solar year, whether the year i Tochtli began with the day i Tochtli and was intimately connected with the Tonalamatl which began with i Ci- . j...
Page 147 - Borbonicus wants its first two pages containing the first two trecenas. The other pages, containing the Tonalamatl, are in a very admirable state of preservation, the colors being vivid and the designs in most cases clear and uninjured. Each page is large, being nearly a square of fifteen inches on a side. The left-hand upper compartment contains AM. ANTH. NS.
Page 150 - Tonalamatl, and as 260 -r- g = 28 with a remainder of 8, the eighth Lord would accompany the last day. After this a new Tonalamatl begins with i Cipactli. Is this first day of the new Tonalamatl accompanied by the ninth Lord...
Page 151 - Tonalamatl and through the year in continuous sequence, we should find that the first day of the second Tonalamatl, or the fourteenth day of the year, would have been accompanied by the ninth Lord, Quiahuitl, and the first day of the third Tonalamatl, or the 274th day of the year, by the eighth Lord, Tepeyollotli ; while the...
Page 149 - ... is some irregularity in the sequence. Of what does this irregularity consist ? Let us see what Lords accompany each year. By referring to Table i, we see that the years are accompanied by the Lords in the following order : 1 Tochtli by the fifth Lord, Miquiztli. 2 Acatl by the third Lord, Xóchitl.
Page 153 - ... this deduction is that the Codex Borbonicus was written by an ignorant person, or by a fraudulent writer. The beauty of the drawings and the care which was evidently taken in preparing them are a refutation of the first suggestion ; and the fact that it has been in the library of the Corps...

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